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All Posts Tagged: post-menopausal bleeding

postMenopause health

Post-Menopause Health Concerns in Women

Each woman has to face menopause once in a lifetime, which is characterised by cessation of periods or menstrual cycle. The symptoms of menopause last for a year or so (varies from woman to woman) and when the symptoms stop that time is called as post-menopause phase. Women face such issues before and during menopause. Such symptoms start decreasing gradually post menopause. But simultaneously, the estrogen level also starts lowering down as ovaries start shutting down by this time.

Many women face problems during menopause and post-menopause. It is suggested to talk to your gynaecologist to understand how to deal with these symptoms and menopause effectively. Dr. Sarah Hussain is an experienced gynaecologist in London, who can help you deal with menopause and its symptoms.

How to take care of your health post menopause?

Postmenopause your symptoms of menopause will decrease, but women may face other health issues that may arise due to lack of estrogen hormone. Post-menopausal all women are suggested to have regular pelvic exams and screenings with your gynaecologist. Some other screenings like Pap smear, mammograms, etc. are not required regularly but at a set time of intervals to avoid the risk of having conditions like osteoporosis, breast cancer, and vaginal infections. The need of going for regular checkups and further screening depends on each woman’s medical history. So to decide on that, it is suggested to consult a gynaecologist as soon as you start seeing the symptoms of menopause. The doctor will guide you during menopause as well as how to maintain your health post-menopause.

If you have any concerns that are not mentioned here, you can consult London gynaecologist, Dr. Sarah Hussain. She will answer your queries on menopause and post-menopausal health concerns. Contact her clinic for booking appointments and get assure your wellness post menopause.

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What is PMB?

Menopause is the time after you have your last period. Post-menopausal bleeding(PMB) is vaginal bleeding or Spotting that happens at least 12 months after a woman has stopped having menstrual cycles due to menopause.

PMB is not pertinent to young women having amenorrhoea (absence of menstrual periods) due to anorexia nervosa or having a pregnancy followed by lactation. PMB may be related to those young women who are suffering from premature ovarian failure or premature menopause. Vaginal bleeding is a symptom of PMB.


Causes of PMB

  • Atrophy– This occurs when the vagina and pelvic organs become depleted of oestrogen which is a hormone produced by the ovaries and in much lower quantities after the menopause. The lack of this hormone leads to thinning of the vaginal skin and blood vessels come nearer to the surface, which can lead to soreness and bleeding.
  • Polyp – Cervical or womb polyps are tissue growths that are formed in the cervix (neck of the womb) or the womb itself.
  • Endometrial hyperplasia– A thickened womb lining which can be caused by hormone replacement therapy (HRT), high levels of oestrogen or by being overweight; if left untreated this can lead to development of womb cancer(also known as endometrial cancer).
  • Uterine fibroids.
  • Infection of the uterine lining (endometritis).
  • Medications such as hormone therapy and tamoxifen.
  • Pelvic trauma.
  • Bleeding from the urinary tract or rectum.
  • Excessive overgrowth of the cells that make up the lining of the uterus (endometrial hyperplasia).


Post menopausal bleeding needs to be checked out by a doctor. Mostly it is a sign of a minor health problem but can sometimes be an early sign of more serious disease. It’s important to make the diagnosis as early as possible. Are you experiencing any problem related to PMB then immediately Contact Sarah Husain for better solution and treatment.

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