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All Posts Tagged: menopause

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Essential things one should know about Menopause!!

Are you nearing the age of menopause? Well then you should read this article carefully and be more aware about all the facts and myths that surrounds about menopause.

During the menopause, everything in the body goes through changes, right from the bones to the heart. Menopause is a difficult time in every woman’s life. The symptoms of menopause appears due to the decreased production of estrogen from the ovaries.

Have a look at 11 vital facts, every woman ought to know about menopause.

  1. Periods may not be regular in the years prior to menopause.
  2. Menopause occurs around the age of 51. The majority of women have their last menstruation between the ages of 45 and 55.
  3. An early menopause is menopause which happens before 40. This can happen as a result of a medical condition or can be genetic. Radiation and chemotherapy can also bring to an early menopause since they damage the ovaries. An early menopause happens instantly in case the ovaries are removed as part of a surgical procedure.
  4. The period before your menopause is called perimenopause. The estrogen levels may begin to fluctuate in the thirties or forties, throughout the transitioning period. The most usual sign is irregular periods or inconsistency in their duration.
  5. Some of the other symptoms are putting on weight and having hot flashes, which is an extreme feeling of warmth that can last for a few seconds or couple of minutes. Other symptoms are mood swings, sleep problems, headaches, vaginal dryness and problems with memorizing things.
  6. As a result of estrogen loss, women may experience a drop in the bone density in the first five or seven years after menopause.
  7. The symptoms of menopause vary greatly from one woman to another .The age and rate of decline of ovary function differ tremendously, necessitating the importance of individual management.
  8. The risk of developing a cardiovascular disease increases after menopause because of the lower levels of estrogen. If you suffer from high blood pressure or have high cholesterol the risk is even bigger.
  9. You can take hormone therapy such as progesterone and estrogen which helps with the menopause symptoms. However, taking hormonal pills for too long may increase the risk of stroke, blood clots and heart attack. Hormone therapy can help with menopause symptoms.
  10. During Menopause, Women may face gynaecological issues such as Vaginal Dryness, Painful penetration, Emotional Distractions etc.
 If you have concerns or Queries about symptoms and treatments related to menopause, contact Dr. Sarah Hussain– Specialist in Gynaecological Solutions.
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What is PMB?

Menopause is the time after you have your last period. Post-menopausal bleeding(PMB) is vaginal bleeding or Spotting that happens at least 12 months after a woman has stopped having menstrual cycles due to menopause.

PMB is not pertinent to young women having amenorrhoea (absence of menstrual periods) due to anorexia nervosa or having a pregnancy followed by lactation. PMB may be related to those young women who are suffering from premature ovarian failure or premature menopause. Vaginal bleeding is a symptom of PMB.

 

Causes of PMB

  • Atrophy– This occurs when the vagina and pelvic organs become depleted of oestrogen which is a hormone produced by the ovaries and in much lower quantities after the menopause. The lack of this hormone leads to thinning of the vaginal skin and blood vessels come nearer to the surface, which can lead to soreness and bleeding.
  • Polyp – Cervical or womb polyps are tissue growths that are formed in the cervix (neck of the womb) or the womb itself.
  • Endometrial hyperplasia– A thickened womb lining which can be caused by hormone replacement therapy (HRT), high levels of oestrogen or by being overweight; if left untreated this can lead to development of womb cancer(also known as endometrial cancer).
  • Uterine fibroids.
  • Infection of the uterine lining (endometritis).
  • Medications such as hormone therapy and tamoxifen.
  • Pelvic trauma.
  • Bleeding from the urinary tract or rectum.
  • Excessive overgrowth of the cells that make up the lining of the uterus (endometrial hyperplasia).

 

Post menopausal bleeding needs to be checked out by a doctor. Mostly it is a sign of a minor health problem but can sometimes be an early sign of more serious disease. It’s important to make the diagnosis as early as possible. Are you experiencing any problem related to PMB then immediately Contact Sarah Husain for better solution and treatment.

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