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Reasons and Treatments for Pelvic Floor Muscle Dysfunction

Reasons and Treatments for Pelvic Floor Muscle Dysfunction

 What is Pelvic Floor Dysfunction:

Pelvic floor dysfunction is a common problem in which you cannot properly relax and control the muscles in your pelvic floor to urinate or have a bowel movement.

The pelvic organs include:

  • The bladder 
  • The uterus and vaginal canal
  • The rectum 

In few cases, there are chances that women have pelvic floor dysfunction. But what is it, exactly? Pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) is a disorder that affects the pelvic floor muscles and tissues. The bladder, bowel, and uterus are all supported by these muscles and tissues. If they become weak or damaged, symptoms such as incontinence (involuntary urination), fecal incontinence (involuntary stool leakage), and pain during sex can occur. Pelvic floor dysfunction can be caused by childbirth, obesity, age, and other factors.

Usually, you can go to the restroom without difficulty since your pelvic floor muscles tense and relax. This is comparable to clenching your fist or tightening your biceps when you lift a heavy box. If you have pelvic floor problems, your body continues to tighten these muscles instead of relaxing them as it should. This tension implies that you may be experiencing a blockage in the urinary or intestinal tube that empties the bowels.

 If you are experiencing these symptoms, it is essential to see your doctor to discuss treatment options. There are many treatments available for pelvic floor dysfunction

What leads to Pelvic Floor Dysfunction?

There are some of the reasons for pelvic floor dysfunction they are like:

  •  Any injury occurred in the pelvic area.
  • The pelvic muscles become overused (like going to the bathroom too frequently or compressing hard), resulting in muscular coordination problems.
  • During pregnancy time 
  • Any pelvic surgery 
  • Obesity
  • Advancing age

Treatments  for Pelvic Floor Muscle Dysfunction:

There are several treatments available for PFD, may be non-surgical treatments and minor surgical treatment 

  • Pelvic Floor physical therapy:

    Physical treatment is frequently done at the same time as biofeedback therapy. The therapist will determine which muscles in your lower back, pelvis, and pelvic floor are overly tense and teach you techniques to loosen these muscles so that their coordination may be enhanced.

Some physical therapists suggest relaxation methods such as meditation, hot baths, yoga, and exercise or acupuncture 

  • Medication:

Daily medications that assist in the maintenance of soft and regular bowel motions are an essential component of managing pelvic floor problems. MiraLAX®, Colace®, Senna, or generic stool softeners are some of the stool softeners available over-the-counter at the pharmacy. A gastroenterologist or your general practitioner can help you determine which medicines to use.

  • Physical Therapy:

Pelvic floor muscle problems are treated through physical therapy and biofeedback, not surgery. When physical treatment and biofeedback fail to work, your doctor might advise you to seek a pain injection specialist in rare cases. These specialists specialize in pinpointing the tense or painful muscles, and they can use a tiny needle to administer anesthetics and relax


Depending on your symptoms and how severe your pain is, you may be treated by a general practitioner, a physical therapist, a gynecologist (gyno), a gastroenterologist (GI), a pelvic pain anesthesiologist, or even a pelvic floor surgeon.If you would like to know more about pelvic , consult a professional London Gynaecologist, Mrs. Sarah Hussain. Contact us to book an appointment.