If menopause takes place prior to age 40, it is referred to as premature menopause. Around 5 per cent of women go through early menopause naturally. The ovaries do not contain normal quantities of the hormone oestrogen during early menopause, or regularly release eggs. Infertility is prevalent. There are long-term health complications, whether spontaneous or not, associated with premature menopause and early menopause or induced, which may include premature death, cardiovascular disease, neurological disease, osteoporosis, psychosexual dysfunction and mood disorders.
Symptoms of Premature Menopause
Premature menopause symptoms are often the same as those encountered by natural menopausal women and may involve. The key symptom is that cycles stop the woman. Menopause is followed by perimenopause, after which cycles become less regular. Additional signs include:
- Gain in Weight
- During sex, vaginal pain
- Libido loss
- Angst or poor mood
- Dryness of vagina
- Heat flushes
- Sweats at Night
- Memory or problems with focus
There could be a greater risk of heart failure and osteoporosis for those women who undergo early menopause, since they may have to live longer without oestrogen.
Causes of Premature Menopause
There is often no specific explanation of why a patient undergoes premature menopause, but certain factors can sometimes be related to it:
- Genetics-premature menopause is more likely to be encountered by women with family background.
- Treatments of chemotherapy or pelvic radiation for cancer
- Surgery to remove the ovaries
- Hysterectomy (the removal of the uterus)
- Autoimmune infections
- AIDS / HIV
- The Syndrome of Chronic Fatigue
- Chromosomes Incomplete
Treatment for Premature Menopause
Premature menopause, either hormone replacement therapy (HRT) or the combined contraceptive pill, is typically treated exactly the same as menopause, which starts at the normal time. For ex-cancer patients, hormone replacement therapy may not be appropriate.
The doctor will inform the patient about which care is best for them and may prescribe improvements to the lifestyle that may assist with the symptoms.
If you are facing the symptoms as discussed above and looking for the treatment, you can consult with Dr Sarah Hussain, the leading Female Gynaecologist in London. Request a call for treatment.