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Human Papillomavirus-It’s causes, symptoms and treatment

What is Human Papillomavirus?

A virus that infects the sensitive places like skin and mucous membranes of any human is called Human papillomavirus(HPV). There are different types of HPV such as types 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, 66 and 68, where type 16 and 18 are bound with the development of cancer. The remaining types are associated with abnormal changes in the cells of the cervix surface, also known as cervical dysplasia. This virus is found to be infecting the human body during sexual contact, and it can be of low or high risk. The high-risk type can cause cancer of cervix, vulva and anus in women, whereas in men, it causes cancer of penis and anus.

Causes of HPV

Some of the causes of HPV are as follows:

  • A person who is sexually active can be infected by the virus. The individuals carrying the virus seems to be asymptomatic.
  • Although most HPV infections break down themselves, but sometimes, they act as a dormant and infect the sexual partner.
  • The transmission of HPV is possible to an infant at the time of birth which may lead to a genital or respiratory system infection.

Symptoms of HPV

Some of the symptoms of HPV are as follows:

  • Common warts which are found prickly raised bumps commonly found on the hands, fingers, and elbows.
  • Plantar warts can be outlined as rigid, grainy growths found on the feet. 
  • Flat warts which affect children and young adults look as flat-topped with raised lesions dark in colour and found on the face, neck, or areas that have been scratched.

Treatment of HPV

There isn’t any cure found for Human Papillomavirus(HPV).  But the treatment of cervical abnormalities caused by HPV can be removed surgically. Genital warts caused by HPV can be treated with creams, surgery or cryotherapy. If you find any of the symptoms mentioned above and seek to confer with a professional gynaecologist, you can consult with Mrs Sarah Hussain, the leading female gynaecologist in London. Request a call for treatment.