Every month getting periods can be real pain which you to deal with PMS symptoms like cramps, intense food cravings and constant bloating. All these are a regular part of a normal period cycle.
During your lifetime, menstrual cycle and periods change develop due to regular age-related hormonal changes and other circumstances such as stress, lifestyle, medications and certain medical requisites. What is normal and what should be referred about?
Some of the common courses used to describe menstrual periods
- Menarche: The age when a young girl starts to have her period.
- Amenorrhea: When a woman does not have a period for 6 months or more. Primary amenorrhea occurs when a young girl never begin to have a period and secondary amenorrhea occurs when a woman stops having periods.
- Oligomenorrhea: When a woman has rare periods that befall at intervals greater than every 35 days and up to every 6 months.
- Dysmenorrhea: Woman with painful periods
- Perimenopause: Period time which leads to menopause that may last for a few months to a few years. Woman with perimenopause does not ovulate regularly and has irregular cycles that may occur monthly to every few months. Even she may experience some periodic symptoms of menopause such as hot flashes.
- Menopause: Woman’s ovaries stop ovulating and creating adequate hormones leading to no periods for more than a year which is followed by hot flashes, vaginal dryness and other symptoms.
Period changes as the age pass
Adolescence: A girl will get a first menstrual period at the age between 12 to 13 years and typically happens about 1.5 to 3 years after breast start to develop. One facto that impact menarche is a young girl’s body mass index this is calculated by the ratio of her weight and height. If a young girl has menstruation by age 15 or within three years of breast development, then she should be examined by a gynaecologist.
Teens/20s: A girl with 20s the periods will be likely become more consistent as you begin to ovulate more regularly. The girl may have the symptoms of PMS, cramps and breast tenderness. In this age, only the women go for birth control pills or other forms of contraception. This pills or contraception may change your periods making them shorter, lighter and more regular with less bleeding, cramping and reduced PMS symptoms. Your gynaecologist should tell all the side effects that each form of contraception may have.
30s: Woman in this age group can predict the menstrual cycle. Some of the benign conditions can appear in your 30s that includes fibroids and polyps of the endometrium or cervix. In some cases, these conditions make your periods heavier and cause painful cramps or you may experience intermenstrual bleeding. During the reproductive lifetime, the menstrual cycle can also change after having the baby. The periods won’t come until 6 weeks after delivery and if you are breastfeeding it may not return until you stop.
40s: In the beginning of 40s, the amount of estrogen produced by the ovaries may begin to fluctuate and may not ovulate regularly. In this year’s most women undergo menopause called perimenopause which can remain from a few months to more than 10 years earlier to your last menstrual period. The most common symptoms of perimenopause is a change in your menstrual cycle. The woman may have shorter, longer and heavier and lighter than usual. Even woman may begin to skip the periods and may experience hot flashes, sleep issues, vaginal dryness, urinary issues and emotional changes.
50s: Most of the women will experience menopause in their 50s, this is the normal age of menopause is 51 and a typical range is between ages 45-55.
Other factors that can impact the age of menopause include the number of babies, tobacco users, ethnicity can impact the age of menopause.
If women experience bleeding after menopause, then consult your Private female gynaecologist in London. Book an appointment now.