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How Are Gynaecologic Cancers Treated

How Are Gynaecologic Cancers Treated?

Gynaecological cancer is any cancer that develops in any of the organs of the female reproductive system, which are positioned in the pelvic region beneath the stomach and between the hips. Cancer arises when cells divide excessively, causing body tissue to be damaged. Gynaecological cancer develops in the reproductive organs, and Gynaecologic oncology is the study and treatment of cancers of the female reproductive tract. Gynecological abnormalities are one of the top causes of cancer-related fatalities in women all over the world. Thousands of women are treated for gynaecological abnormalities each year, making it critical to understand the various types of gynaecological cancers. Below are the types of gynaecological cancer:

  1. Uterine Cancer
  2. Vulvar Cancer
  3. Cervical Cancer
  4. Ovarian Cancer
  5. Vaginal Cancer

Symptoms of Each Type of Cancer

Each type of gynaecological cancer has its signs, symptoms, and risk factors:

Uterine Cancer:

  • Bleeding between periods and after sexual intercourse.
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge contains blood

Vulvar Cancer:

  • In the vulva, there may be a burning feeling or bleeding.
  • The urine colour is brighter or paler than usual.
  • The presence of warts or irritation is similar to a rash in the affected region.
  • Non-healing sores or tumors.
  • Pelvic discomfort while sexual activity or urinating.

Cervical Cancer:

  • Bleeding between menstrual periods
  • Plenty of vaginal discharge with a little blood.
  • Bleeding after vaginal intercourse
  • Lower back soreness and abdominal pain

Ovarian Cancer:

  • Lower abdominal discomfort, comparable to indigestion.
  • Pelvic pain.
  • Fatigue, anemia, and loss of appetite are a few of the symptoms 
  • Abnormal body hair as a result of hormonal changes

Vaginal Cancer:

  • Bleeding during periods
  • Urinary discomfort.
  • Vaginal lumps of multiple lengths.


Treatment for Gynaecological Cancer

  1. Surgical Treatment:

    Gynaecologic cancer is distinctive to each woman, and surgery is frequently used to remove as much of the tumor as feasible. Because there are fewer cancers to treat, shrinking the tumor improves the efficiency of following chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Medication-assisted cancer treatment is a possibility for some women with gynaecologic cancer, depending largely on the type and stage of cancer.

  2. Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy:

    It is a complex and one-of-a-kind treatment that administers chemotherapy medications directly into the abdominal cavity via a device. When used in some cases of ovarian cancer, it primarily targets cancer cells in the abdomen, reducing medication exposure to vital cells. 

  3. Radiation Therapy:

    Radiation therapy is an important treatment for most gynaecologic abnormalities, whether used as a standard treatment or as adjuvant therapy after surgery. The precise insertion of needles into a tumor is a frequently complex technique that must be accomplished by an expert.


If you would like to know more about Gynaecological cancer and its treatment, consult a professional London gynaecologist, Mrs. Sarah Hussain. Contact us to book an appointment.