Ectopic pregnancy is an abnormal type of pregnancy also known as tubal pregnancy, that occurs when an embryo latches to a uterus
externally. Women who go through this stage experience severe abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding. The chances of this pregnancy are 1 to 2% in millions of cases. If this medical condition is not diagnosed in the early stages i.e., immediately after the confirmation of pregnancy, the woman can experience severe pain and that can lead to losing consciousness and going into shock. If she does not receive immediate medical care, the condition can lead to death also. Such deaths are known as maternal deaths as they occur in the first trimester of pregnancy.
Many reasons have been identified as the root causes for ectopic pregnancy occurring in the early stages of pregnancy. Some of them are infertility, a history of miscarriages, pelvic inflammation, smoking, tubal ligation, advancing age, malnourishment, assisted reproductive treatment, etc.
Some women do not experience any symptoms of ectopic pregnancy in the initial stages. In such cases, it can be diagnosed only when the condition deteriorates to slipping into shock and death. Usually, the women who have this kind of pregnancy experience symptoms of Nausea, Vaginal Bleeding, Diarrhoea, pelvic pain, abdominal pain, tender cervix, hypovolemic shock (which leads to death), etc.
Ectopic pregnancy is a medical condition that can be diagnosed but cannot be averted. An ultrasound can locate this condition and can be treated by laparotomy.