loader image
Dysmenorrhea - Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis

Dysmenorrhea – Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis

What is Dysenorrhhea?

Dysmenorrhea, also known as menstrual cramps, is a common problem that many women experience each month. The pain can be quite severe and can make it difficult to participate in activities or complete everyday tasks. While the cause of dysmenorrhea is not entirely clear, many treatments can help lessen the symptoms. If you are struggling with dysmenorrhea, please talk to your doctor for assistance. There are several treatment options available that can help improve your quality of life.


What Causes Dysmenorrhea?

Women’s menstrual cycles can be a painful and frustrating experience, but it doesn’t have to affect the way you feel about yourself. If your cycle is causing significant discomfort in both physical symptoms (such as cramps) or emotional ones such as depression then there may be an underlying cause that needs medical attention- most often endometriosis which causes secondary dysmenorrhea due to Bleeding diseases like Clotting disorders, Infections including Pelvic Inflammatory Disease(PID).

Secondary dysmenorrhea can also be caused by the following factors:

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Abnormal pregnancy (miscarriage, ectopic)
  • Tumors, or polyps in the pelvic cavity, Infection


What are the Symptoms of Dysmenorrhea?

The most prevalent symptoms of dysmenorrhea are as follows. However, each individual may uniquely experience symptoms. Symptoms could include:

  • Lower abdominal cramping
  • Lower abdominal discomfort
  • Pain in the lower back
  • Radiating pain down the legs
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Fainting
  • Headaches

The symptoms of dysmenorrhea may resemble those of other medical diseases or issues. For a diagnosis, always consult your health care practitioner.


How is Dysmenorrhea Diagnosed?

Your health care practitioner will assess your medical history as well as perform a comprehensive physical and pelvic exam to identify dysmenorrhea. Other possible tests include:

  • Ultrasound: This test generates a picture of the inside organs using high-frequency sound waves.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): Large magnets, radiofrequency, and a computer are used in this test to create detailed pictures of organs and structures within the body.
  • Laparoscopy: A laparoscope is used in this small surgery. This is a narrow tube that contains a lens and light. It is placed through an abdominal wall incision. The doctor can often find abnormal growths using the laparoscope to examine the pelvic and abdomen area.
  • Hysteroscopy: This involves a visual examination of the cervical canal and the interior of the uterus. It employs a viewing tool (hysteroscope) placed through the vagina.


If you would like to know more about Dysmenorrhea and its diagnosis, consult a professional London gynecologist, Mrs. Sarah Hussain. Contact us to book an appointment.