The pelvis is the lowest part of your tummy (abdomen) and between the hipbones. Organs in pelvis include bowel, bladder, womb (uterus) and ovaries. It usually starts from one of these organs. In some cases the pain comes from your pelvic bones that lie next to these organs, or from nearby muscles, nerves, blood vessels or joints.
Pelvic pain has possibilities of sudden unexpected pain or excruciating, dull and constant, or some combination. The pelvic area may feel tender when touched. Depending on the cause, women may have bleeding or a discharge from the vagina. The pain may also be accompanied by fever, nausea, vomiting, sweating, and/or light-headedness.
There are many causes for Pelvic pain which includes:
1. Muscular contractions or cramps of both smooth and skeletal muscles
2. Psychogenic factors, which can cause or aggravate pain
3. Inflammation or direct irritation of nerves caused by acute or chronic trauma, fibrosis, pressure, or intraperitoneal inflammation
4. Ectopic pregnancy. A pregnancy that occurs outside the uterus.
5. Pelvic inflammatory disease (also called PID). An infection of the reproductive organs.
6. Twisted or ruptured ovarian cyst
7. Urinary tract infection
9. Uterine fibroids. Abnormal growths on or in the uterine wall.
10. Miscarriage or threatened miscarriage
11. Adhesions. Scar tissue between the internal organs in the pelvic cavity.
12. Endometrial polyps. Protrusions attached by a small stem in the uterine cavity.
13. Cancers of the reproductive tract such as Uterine cancer and Cervical Cancer
14. Ruptured fallopian tube
15. Menstrual cramps
What Symptoms Suggest Pelvic Pain:
1. Worsening of menstrual cramps
2. Vaginal bleeding, spotting or discharge
3. Painful or difficult urination
4. Constipation or diarrhoea
5. Blood seen with a bowel movement
6. Menstrual pain
7. Fever or chills
8. Bloating or gas
9. Pain during intercourse
10. Pain in the hip area
Management of Pelvic Pain
Avoid or reduce the frequency of the sharp pain in your pelvic area during pregnancy by following these simple tips:
1.Taking a warm shower helps to relax your muscles and reduce the chances of pain. Make sure that the water is not too hot as it may be harmful for your baby.
2.Make sure to sit down before performing activities that may trigger the pain.
3.Get plenty of rest.
4.Do not step over object lying on the ground.
5.While rolling in bed, keep your legs together by placing a pillow between your knees.
6.To get in bed, first sit on the edge keeping the legs together, then lie down on your side before bringing both your legs up sideways.
7.Avoid climbing stairs as much as possible.
8.Avoid deep squatting.
9.Avoid quick movements or twisting and turning your body sharply as these may put pressure on the pelvic region.
10.Wear flat or low-heeled shoes providing proper arch support. Do not wear high heels.
By following above steps, you should be able to reduce Pelvic pain to some extent. For 100% solution, We must concern specialist doctor @Sarah Hussain.