loader image

All Posts in Category: Blog

Bacterial Vaginosis Symptoms Causes Prevention and Treatment

Bacterial Vaginosis – Symptoms, Causes, Prevention and Treatment

Bacterial vaginosis is termed as vaginosis rather than vaginitis as it is related to alteration in the regular vaginal flora rather than due to any specific infection. In other words, it occurs when the balance of bacteria in the vagina is upset, and if any bacteria grows more than the other. There will be a considerable decrease in lactobacilli with an increase in the growth of other anaerobic bacteria. Bacterial vaginosis is a polymicrobial condition.

It is not sexually transmitted with a variable incubation period. About 50% of women are asymptomatic carriers of infection, but the majority complain of vaginal discharge without itching. If the production of good lactobacilli doesn’t take place, there are more chances of bacterial vaginosis. The physician may examine the vagina for vaginal discharge and also perform some tests to determine Bacterial vaginosis.

Symptoms of Bacterial Vaginosis: 

  • Burning during urination
  • White Discharge 
  • Foul smell vaginal odour 
  • Vaginal itching 

Characteristics of Vaginal Discharge:

  • White, non-viscous discharge adherent to the vaginal wall
  • The pH of discharge is more than 4.5 
  • Fishy odour 
  • Presence of clue cells 
  • Increased number of Gardnerella vaginalis 
  • Reduced number of lactobacilli and leukocytes 

The woman has minimal vulvar irritation. The diagnosis depends on wet smear and culture. The smear reveals a clean background with few inflammatory cells and other organisms but scanty lactobacilli.

Many epithelial cells present as granular cytoplasm caused by small gram-negative bacilli adhering on their surface. Free-floating clumps of Gardnerella are seen. This infection can cause PID, chorioamnionitis, premature rupture of membrane and preterm labour.

Cause of Bacterial Vaginosis:

  • Usage of douches and washes to clean vagina 
  • Bath with intensely perfumed bubble, shower gels or antiseptic solutions 
  • Washing underwear with a too strong detergent
  • Using the intrauterine device for contraception 

Prevention of Bacterial Vaginosis: 

  • Avoid usage of douches to clean the vagina.  
  • Don’t use soap while cleaning, just use water. 
  • Limit intercourse sexual partners 
  • Test for STDs 
  • Clean sex toys 

Complications of Bacterial Vaginosis:

  • HIV infection 
  • STDs like Herpes simplex virus, gonorrhoea
  • Human papillomavirus may come.
  • Risk of  pelvic inflammatory disease 
  • Loss of pregnancy 
  • Preterm Delivery
  • Premature baby
  • Low weight baby

Treatment for Bacterial Vaginosis: 

  • 7 day course of metronidazole 500mg twice a day works effectively in 80% cases
  • Most doctors prescribe antibiotics like metronidazole,clindamycin and tinidazole to treat bacterial vaginosis, this could be either tabs or ointment to apply on vagina
  • The infection may persist if you don’t follow the medication course prescribed.
  • Lacteal is a protein-free acidifying gel which neutralises the vaginal pH.
  • Bacterial vaginosis can be spread even through sex. Dont have sex until your symptoms are gone.
  • Should take antibiotics for a longer time
  • Ecoflora capsule which contains lactobacillus rhamnosus and lactobacillus reuteri which are probiotic agents, effective against gram-negative pathogens and resistant to spermicides and also have anti-inflammatory activity. They also have collagen-binding proteins that prevent pathogen adhesions. Ecoflora is contraindicated for pregnant women. 


If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms as discussed above and looking for the treatment, you can consult with Dr Sarah Hussain, the leading female Gynaecologist in London. Request a call for treatment

Read More
Cystitis Causes Symptoms and Treatment

Cystitis – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Cystitis is an infection of the bladder. The symptoms are usually described as a burning sensation when urinating or drainage that may not go away even after going to the bathroom multiple times in 24 hours because it’s coming from deeper inside your body where there can’t easily be reached by toilet paper. It has also been known for women suffering from cystitis symptoms due to childbirth (childbirth causes pressure on certain nerve endings leading up into the urethra).

For those who have never experienced cystitis, it’s a painful condition that causes inflammation of the urethra. In most cases, cysts are not harmful and will go away on their own after about two weeks without treatment or discomfort – but sometimes they need medical attention like prescription medication from your doctor to ease symptoms such as urination urgency (urgency during wee), pain with sexual activity due to blockage caused by an infection within male anatomy.

Symptoms of Cystitis:

  • The regular urge to urinate 
  • Urging of urination even after emptying the urinary bladder 
  • Foul and fishy smelling urine 
  • Blood in urine 
  • Pain during sex
  • Sensation like full bladder
  • Cramps in abdomen 
  • Nausea 
  • Vomiting 
  • Chills

Causes for Cystitis:

The type of cystitis may vary based on the cause of cystitis:

  • Urinary Tract Infection 
  • Usage of few drugs 
  • Personal Hygiene 
  • Use of catheter 
  • Use of Hygiene products

How Cysts are treated?

Both kinds of cystitis may be dealt with effectively. Bacterial cystitis can cause scarring of the water passage leading to inefficient bladder emptying. So grimy microorganisms can not be flushed out of the bladder effectively. This, in turn, results in recurrent bacterial infection, a vicious cycle. The urethra, therefore, desires to be stretched lower back to regular caliber with the aid of using a minor operation below wellknown anesthesia known as urethral dilatation. Interstitial cystitis is a far extra complicated condition.

There are numerous faults that want to be repaired. The cracks withinside the lining of the bladder want to be patched up with unique medicine (inclusive of chondroitin sulphate and hyaluronic acid) to permit the deeper nerve endings to settle in order that the electrical pulses do now no longer short-circuit to the bowels and the pelvic muscles. There also are oral drugs to calm the nerves and loosen up the bladder muscle to assist with the general treatment. Once cured, the bladder can be true as new.


If you are having gynae symptoms and causes, as discussed above and are worried about it, consult a professional gynaecologist. You can consult with Mrs. Sarah Hussain, the leading female gynaecologist in London. Request a call for treatment.

Read More
About Uterine Fibroids Symptoms Diagnosis and Surgeries

About Uterine Fibroids – Symptoms, Diagnosis and Surgeries

Uterine fibroids are tumors that grow on the uterus. They can be of different sizes, shapes, and locations in the uterus. Fibroids can cause pain and pressure, but they usually don’t prevent pregnancy or make it more difficult to carry a baby to term. When they do interfere with these things, surgery may be an option for treatment. 

Uterine fibroids are a type of tumor that can develop in or on the uterus. They’re not cancer themselves, but they may cause complications during pregnancy like bleeding and infection due to their proximity to other organs inside your womb (including access to blood vessels).

Uterine fibroids are a relatively rare type of condition that can cause heavy menstrual bleeding. They’re estimated to affect 1 in every 100 women, but there’s been an increase over recent years due to the rise in maternal mortality rates and obesity among pregnant females which leaves them more susceptible during their pregnancies when it comes time for delivery

Symptoms of Uterine Fibroids

  • Painful bleeding during menstruation.
  • Bloating.
  • Frequent Urination. 
  • Pain during intercourse. 
  • Constipation.
  • Vaginal Discharge.
  • You Cant empty your bladder completely.
  • Pelvic pain.
  • Legs Pain.

Major causes of Uterine Fibroids are Hormones, Genetics, ECM.

Surgeries of Uterine Fibroids

  • Myomectomy.
  • Endometrial ablation. 
  • UFE.
  • Hysterectomy.

Uterine Fibroids Diagnosis Methods

  • Ultrasound 
  • Lab Tests 
  • MRI 
  • Hysterosonography 
  • Hysterosalpingography 
  • Hysteroscopy 

If you are having gynae issues during periods or frequent urination, as discussed above and are worried about it, consult a professional gynaecologist. You can consult with Mrs. Sarah Hussain, the leading female gynaecologist in London. Request a call for treatment.

Read More
Can we drink water to prevent kidney stones and UTIs

Can we Drink Water to Prevent Kidney Stones and UTIs?

The kidneys are located on either side of the spine in the lower back. Their main function is to filter blood and remove waste products from it, including calcium, which makes up kidney stones. UTIs (urinary tract infections) can also occur when bacteria get into the urinary system through the urethra. Drinking water helps prevent these problems because dehydration causes urine to become concentrated and more acidic, which can lead to kidney stones or UTIs. 

Water is not only helpful for preventing these issues but also for treating them after they happen; drinking water will help flush out any remaining bacteria or toxins that were not removed by your body’s natural defenses. 


Kidney Stones:

The two main functions of the kidneys are removing water from urine and balancing electrolytes in your blood. They also help control chemicals like potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium, and phosphate which keep our heart beating steadily and regulate various hormones in the body. First off- drink lots of water! It helps flush out your system by pushing toxins through the bladder so they don’t accumulate

Kidney stones are a common ailment that affects men and women. Women have a higher chance of developing kidney stones than men do, but the reasons for this are not fully understood. Read on to learn more about the causes of kidney stones in women. 

Kidney Stones Causes in Women: 

The pain caused by kidney stones is often excruciating enough to be mistaken as appendicitis or an ectopic pregnancy. Kidney stone treatment usually involves using medication such as oral fluids, water pills, or even surgery depending on the size of your stone(s). The majority of cases can be cured with non-invasive treatments if they are caught early enough.


UTIs are a common type of infection that affects the urinary tract. It is important to know what can cause UTIs, how they are diagnosed and treated, as well as what you can do to prevent them. 

UTI symptoms include burning with urination, frequent urges to pee (or needing to go more than usual), pain in your lower back or abdomen during urination, cloudy/smelly urine, or fever.   The most common causes of UTIs are E Coli bacteria present in the digestive system entering through the urethra into the bladder.  If left untreated these bacteria will grow and spread throughout your body causing an infection called sepsis which could lead to death. These types of infections require immediate medical attention.

Drink More water:

When you are not drinking enough water, it can lead to a number of health issues. You may be experiencing headaches or constipation that could have been avoided with proper hydration. Drinking plenty of water is essential for your body’s function and overall well-being. 

It has long been established that drinking excessive amounts of alcohol leads to many problems including liver disease, high blood pressure, heart disease, and stroke.

The best way to prevent further infections is by drinking plenty of water, which has natural cleansing properties that help remove toxins from the body. 

Drinking more throughout the day rather than all at once can make it easier for you since increased fluid intake will flush out stone crystals and bacteria in the urine stream as well! 

Juices such as lemon or orange have been shown to increase citrate levels within our bodies so they may be helpful when preventing certain types of kidney stones too (e.g., calcium oxalate).


It is always advised to drink more water, as it has great cleansing properties. If you are having any abdominal pain or urinary infection, consult a professional gynaecologists. You can consult with Mrs. Sarah Hussain, the leading female gynaecologist in London. Request a call for treatment.

Read More
Heavy Periods Causes and Treatments

Heavy Periods – Causes and Treatments

Heavy periods can make everyday lifestyle difficult, and many women have to change their daily routine during menstruation. Often heavy periods can be accompanied by pain. The medical term of the heavy period is menorrhagia. 

Causes for Heavy Periods:

There are various reasons for Heavy Periods, which are treatable.


Our body is sensitive to changes. Even stress can cause abnormal periods. Knowing this, it should come as no surprise that big life changes can affect your menstruation cycle. It’s common to experience heavy menstruation bleeding after childbirth.

Birth Control:

Menorrhagia can also be a side effect of medications, particularly blood thinners. Even changes to birth control methods may also affect the length of your menstrual cycle and bleeding.

Hormonal Imbalance:

The changes in the estrogen and progesterone levels can also cause menorrhagia. Which thickens uterine lining. Thick uterine lining sheds during menstruation, you may experience heavy periods and large blood clots.


It’s a very painful condition that leads to abnormal growth of uterine lining and form uterine polyps. This abnormal growth may lead to heavy painful periods.

Uterine Fibroids:

These are non-cancerous growths inside the uterus. They affect the size of your uterus. 


Treatments for Heavy Periods:

IUS (intrauterine system)

The best effective treatment for heavy periods is an intrauterine system. The T-shaped device will be inserted into the uterine and it over time releases hormones. As a result, your periods become lighter.


Your physician may prescribe you medicines that contain a combination of oestrogen and progesterone. You can intake them in the form of pills or else in injection form. These may aim to make your periods lighter.


Occasionally surgeries can also be considered in managing your heavy periods, There are various types such as endometrial ablation – where the uterus lining is thinned, Uterine artery embolisation – the blood flow to fibroid is disrupted, Myomectomy and Hysterectomy.

 If you are having gynae issues related to periods, as discussed above and are worried about it, consult a professional gynaecologist. You can consult with Mrs. Sarah Hussain, the leading female gynaecologist in London. Request a call for treatment.

Read More