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PCOS - Its Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

PCOS – Its Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Polycystic ovaries syndrome(PCOS) is a gynaec problem that affects the women’s ovaries which are caused due to hormonal disorder. There isn’t any actual for this syndrome, but this problem is mainly observed in women with obesity. The effect of PCOS in women leads to prolonged or frequent menstrual periods or excess levels of male hormones known as androgen, polycystic ovaries, where the ovaries get enlarged and surrounded by many fluid sacs around it. This syndrome may arise in women since the teenage years and might continue until their reproductive age. 

Symptoms of PCOS

Most of the PCOS symptoms are not experienced, but let us understand its common symptoms.

  • Irregular periods which is caused due to lack of ovulation that prevents the uterine lining from discharging every month, and this might result in less than eight periods a month.
  • Heavy bleeding 
  • Growth of Excess hair in different parts of the body such as belly, chest and back. This Excess hair growth condition is known as hirsutism.
  • Acne caused due to excess levels of male hormones.
  • Overweight or obesity.
  • weakening of hair
  • Change in skin colour or appearance of dark patches under the breast, neck or the groin.

Causes of PCOS

The exact cause for this syndrome hasn’t been confirmed yet, but let us understand the normal causes of PCOS.

  • Studies reveal that PCOS might be in their family (genes).
  • Obesity can also be one of the cause as most of the women with this syndrome are observed to be obese.
  • Increase in levels of inflammation in the body.

Treatment for PCOS

There isn’t any proper cure for PCOS, but it can be controlled with proper diet, daily exercise and maintaining a proper physical and mental balance on health. In order to lower the levels of male hormones(androgen), it is advised to take birth control pills which help in regulating the periods. But in a few other cases, there is Laparoscopic ovarian drilling is done which destroys the tissues formed in the ovaries. If you find any of the symptoms mentioned above and seek to confer with a professional gynaecologist, you can consult with Dr. Sarah Hussain, the leading female gynaecologist in London. Request a call for treatment.

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Mygyane- Vaginismus- treatment

Vaginismus- its symptoms and treatment

Vaginismus is a gynae condition when the muscles in the vagina contracts and harden or tighten instinctively in response to sexual intercourse, gynaecological examination or insertion of a tampon. The compressing or closing of the vagina is completely unintended, and it is like the intuitive of the eye shutting when something comes close to it. It is a difficult situation for the women and their sexual partners as it may lead to stress and anxiety during intercourse or gynaecological examination.

Symptoms of Vaginismus

Some of the symptoms of vaginismus are  as follows:

  • Painful experience during sexual intercourse due to the contraction of the muscles in the vagina.
  • Loss of sexual longing if penetration is attempted.
  • Pricking sensation during insertion of tampon, or during intercourse.
  • Panic of  pain
  • In a few cases, women are comfortable to insert a 
  • and go through the gynaecological examination, but intercourse becomes a difficult situation for them.
  • Few women would try to have intercourse with their sexual partner, but it would be painful for them.

Treatment for the Vaginismus

The treatment for the vaginismus are as follows:

Sex therapy: The patient is undertaken through a psychological therapy where dynamic analysis, counselling or CBT may be implemented.

Surgery: In some cases, the patient needs to undergo an anaesthetic surgery where there is a removal of a small amount of underlying tissue within the vagina that blocks the penetration.

Vaginal trainers: The vaginal trainers guide the patients to have small cylindrical shaped objects to be inserted into the vagina at the patients comfort at their home. This treatment may take longer time even months and is recommended for the patients to go at their own pace.

Pelvic floor exercise: The pelvic floor exercise is even recommended by the vaginal trainers where sometimes a biofeedback machine is used by the gynaecologists to identify when the contraction happens if the patient is unable to express the feeling so that she can master the feeling of contraction

If you are facing any of the symptoms mentioned above, do not hesitate and seek to confer with a professional gynecologist. You can consult with Mrs. Sarah Hussain, the leading female gynecologist in London. Request a call for treatment.

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hpv-vaccine-prevent-cancer

Human Papillomavirus-It’s causes, symptoms and treatment

What is Human Papillomavirus?

A virus that infects the sensitive places like skin and mucous membranes of any human is called Human papillomavirus(HPV). There are different types of HPV such as types 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, 66 and 68, where type 16 and 18 are bound with the development of cancer. The remaining types are associated with abnormal changes in the cells of the cervix surface, also known as cervical dysplasia. This virus is found to be infecting the human body during sexual contact, and it can be of low or high risk. The high-risk type can cause cancer of cervix, vulva and anus in women, whereas in men, it causes cancer of penis and anus.

Causes of HPV

Some of the causes of HPV are as follows:

  • A person who is sexually active can be infected by the virus. The individuals carrying the virus seems to be asymptomatic.
  • Although most HPV infections break down themselves, but sometimes, they act as a dormant and infect the sexual partner.
  • The transmission of HPV is possible to an infant at the time of birth which may lead to a genital or respiratory system infection.

Symptoms of HPV

Some of the symptoms of HPV are as follows:

  • Common warts which are found prickly raised bumps commonly found on the hands, fingers, and elbows.
  • Plantar warts can be outlined as rigid, grainy growths found on the feet. 
  • Flat warts which affect children and young adults look as flat-topped with raised lesions dark in colour and found on the face, neck, or areas that have been scratched.

Treatment of HPV

There isn’t any cure found for Human Papillomavirus(HPV).  But the treatment of cervical abnormalities caused by HPV can be removed surgically. Genital warts caused by HPV can be treated with creams, surgery or cryotherapy. If you find any of the symptoms mentioned above and seek to confer with a professional gynaecologist, you can consult with Mrs Sarah Hussain, the leading female gynaecologist in London. Request a call for treatment.

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Gynaecological infection-Symptoms, Causes, and treatment

Gynaecological infection-Symptoms, Causes, and treatment

Gynaecological infection is a term that comprises various conditions affecting the vagina and genital tract caused by pathogens such as bacteria, fungi, or other microscopic parasites that cause disease. Some common types of gynaecological infection are as follows:

  • Candida (yeast infection)
  • Herpes
  • Gonorrhea
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Chlamydia
  • Bacterial vaginosis

Symptoms of Gynaecological infections

The symptoms may vary depending on the type of infection you have, the common symptoms of the disease include:

  • Increase or abnormal discharge while urinating.
  • Uncomfortable caused due to irritation or itching in the vagina.
  • Causing pain while urinating
  • Mild Vaginal bleeding
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Abdominal or pelvic pain

Causes of Gynaecological Infection

Some of the causes of Gynaecological infections are as follows:

  • Use of vaginal sprays 
  • Use of perfumed  toilet papers
  • Allergy due to spermicide
  • Intake of more steroids or antibiotics
  • Use of IUD for birth control

Treatment for Gynaecological infections

Gynaecological infections are normally treated by the doctors by reviewing medical history along with current symptoms. As per the severity, the infection is treated through ointments and antibiotics, but that doesn’t mean these infections can be considered less harmful. These types of gynaecological infections are to be treated by a gynaecologist. If you seek to confer with a professional gynaecologist, you can consult with Mrs. Sarah Hussain, the leading female gynaecologist in London. Request a call for treatment.

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Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) - Symptoms, Causes, Prevention, and Treatment

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) – Symptoms, Causes, Prevention, and Treatment

Infections that are transmitted from one person to another through sexual contact are known as Sexually transmitted infections(STI’s). Some of the sexually transmitted infections are HIV, Genital warts, Gonorrhoea, Chlamydia, etc.

Symptoms of Sexually transmitted infection

Some of the symptoms caused due to sexually transmitted infection are as follows:

  • Uncomfortable or pain during peeing
  • Rashes around the genital parts
  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Discharge from Vagina, penis or anus which is unusual

Causes of Sexually transmitted infection

  • Bacteria
  • Parasite
  • Fungi or Virus

Prevention of Sexually transmitted infection

Some of the prevention steps from Sexually transmitted infection are as follows:

  • Use latex condoms while having sex
  • Wash before and after having intercourse
  • Do not share towels or underclothes
  • Try not to have sex with your partner, until your infection is cured on consultation with the doctor.

Treatment for Sexually transmitted infection

Every sexually transmitted infection cannot be cured. Few infections can be treated by the use of antibiotics and for a few other infections, the treatment is limited to reduce the symptoms. If you observe and come across the symptoms of sexually transmitted infections that are mentioned above, you can consult with Mrs. Sarah Hussain, the leading female gynaecologist in London. Request a call for treatment.

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