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Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) - Symptoms, Causes, Prevention, and Treatment

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) – Symptoms, Causes, Prevention, and Treatment

Infections that are transmitted from one person to another through sexual contact are known as Sexually transmitted infections(STI’s). Some of the sexually transmitted infections are HIV, Genital warts, Gonorrhoea, Chlamydia, etc.

Symptoms of Sexually transmitted infection

Some of the symptoms caused due to sexually transmitted infection are as follows:

  • Uncomfortable or pain during peeing
  • Rashes around the genital parts
  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Discharge from Vagina, penis or anus which is unusual

Causes of Sexually transmitted infection

  • Bacteria
  • Parasite
  • Fungi or Virus

Prevention of Sexually transmitted infection

Some of the prevention steps from Sexually transmitted infection are as follows:

  • Use latex condoms while having sex
  • Wash before and after having intercourse
  • Do not share towels or underclothes
  • Try not to have sex with your partner, until your infection is cured on consultation with the doctor.

Treatment for Sexually transmitted infection

Every sexually transmitted infection cannot be cured. Few infections can be treated by the use of antibiotics and for a few other infections, the treatment is limited to reduce the symptoms. If you observe and come across the symptoms of sexually transmitted infections that are mentioned above, you can consult with Mrs. Sarah Hussain, the leading female gynaecologist in London. Request a call for treatment.

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what is Endometrial polyps

Endometrial Polyps – Its Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Endometrial polyps, also known as Uterine polyps are found as thinner lining in the uterus as tissue growth and it is not normally benign ie; non-cancerous, but need to be treated as it might even become cancerous. Mostly these polyps are found within the uterus but sometimes they can be found passing through the cervix into the vagina. The growth of these polyps can even lead to miscarriage and become obstacles to get pregnant. So, it is suggested by the doctors for the removal of polyps in order to improve fertility.

Causes of Endometrial polyps

Some of the causes of endometrial polyps are as follows:

  1. Change or due to imbalance in hormonal levels as they are oestrogen sensitive.
  2. People with high blood pressure are more at risk of developing Endometrial polyps.
  3. Obesity in the person.
  4. Having cervical polyps in the past

Symptoms of Endometrial polyps

Some of the polyps do not show any symptoms. But the normal symptoms are as follows:

  1. Discomfort due to a heavy period flow
  2. Infertility
  3. Vaginal bleeding found after the menopause
  4. Bleeding at irregular time intervals

Treatment for Endometrial polyps

The treatment for polyps is not performed instantly but is monitored by the doctors to see whether it vanishes slowly or it can be reduced by the short term medical solution. Even after the use of medicines doesn’t show any effect on the polys, then the removal of polyps is done surgically through hysteroscopy, where an endoscopy with a camera and light on the other end is inserted into the vagina, which helps in detection and treatment of  Endometrial polyps.

If you are suffering the symptoms of Endometrial polyps and are seeking to consult the professional gynaecologist, you can consult with Mrs. Sarah Hussain, the leading female gynaecologist in London. Request a call for treatment.

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Warts its symptoms, causes, prevention, and treatment

Warts – Its Symptoms, Causes, Prevention, and Treatment

Warts are normally hard growths that are painful and are caused by a viral or bacterial infection, which can occur in different parts of the body. There are different types of Warts and its healing takes from weeks to months based on adequate treatment.

Types of Common Warts

  1. Common Warts: These types of warts are common and found in different areas of body parts such as elbow, fingers, Knee, and hands.
  1. Mosaic warts: Warts found under the toes.
  1. Filiform Warts: These occur over face and looks similar to thread-like or finger-shaped.
  1. Flat warts: Mostly found on face, shoulders, arms, and knee. 
  1. Plantar Warts: These warts are painful and are found on the soles of feet.
  1. Genital warts: These warts are common in the genital area and are sexually transmitted.

Symptoms of Warts

Warts are found weeks or months of post transmission. They are found to be small in size and are usually rough. The symptoms might not be the same  in all cases, but the normal symptoms are:

  1. Pain
  2. Bleeding 
  3. Itching

Causes of Warts

The causes of warts are mentioned as follows:

  1. Having contact with someone’s skin who has HPV(Human papillomavirus)
  1. Exposure to infected surfaces such as places at the gym, common washrooms, etc
  1. Exchanging or sharing personal hygiene accessories such as Razors and towels.
  1. If you found a wart on a particular part of your body, there are chances that you might spread it to other areas of your body by touching it.
  1. Sharing of sex toys

Prevention of Warts

The following preventions can be adapted to stay away from the spread of warts:

  1. Wash your hands thoroughly, most of the time in a day.
  2. Disinfect the area of the skin which has slit or lesions.
  3. Try to use flip flops made of rubber while using common washrooms or at the gym.

Treatment for Warts

Mostly the treatment for the warts is suggested by a dermatologist as it is related to skin and the treatment is as follows:

  1. Laser treatment: This procedure includes treating the affected area by high precise intervention without considering the neighbor tissues.
  2. Cryotherapy: In this procedure, liquid nitrogen is used to freeze warts.
  3. Cantharidin: By applying this composite on the wart, it will extinguish and the doctor can remove it after a couple of days.
  4. Electrodesiccation: The treatment is given by heating an instrument , almost similar to a spoon and this electrically heated instrument is used on the affected area till the wart is removed

But the treatment for the genital warts is treated based on the number, size, and position of warts. If you are suffering the symptoms of warts in the genital area and are seeking to consult the professional gynaecologist, you can consult with Mrs. Sarah Hussain, the leading female gynaecologist in London. Request a call for treatment.

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Vaginitis - its Symptoms, Causes, and Prevention

Vaginitis – its Symptoms, Causes, and Prevention

Around 90% of the women in the world suffer from a frequent gynecological problem .i.e; Vaginitis. It is a soreness of the vagina and vulva, causing irritation, pain, and discharge. There are three different types of vaginitis:

Types of Vaginitis

  1. Trichomoniasis
  2. Yeast infection
  3. Bacterial vaginosis

Symptoms of Vaginitis

The main symptoms are as follows:

  1. Pain in the abdominal
  2. An unusual discharge with different colour, smell, and amount.
  3. Inflammation and redness in the vagina.
  4. Irritation or itching.
  5. Pain during urinating or intercourse.
  6. Bleeding that appears faded or spotting.

Main Causes of Vaginitis

The causes of Vaginitis are as follows:

  1. Hormonal: Due to decreased oestrogen levels and a decrease in the inner lining of the vagina, atrophic vaginitis is common in postmenopausal women.
  2. Allergies: Allergic reactions take place due to the use of medicines, condoms, lubricants, the quality of underwear used, or even due to the laundry detergents.
  3. Bacterial Vaginosis: This is caused due to the imbalance of bacteria found in the vagina and most probably linked to the sexual activity, but sometimes not.
  4. Yeast infection: It is caused due to change in the balance of the candida fungi in the vagina due to the pregnancy or use of antibiotics.:
  5. Trichomoniasis: It is a sexually transmitted infection  (STI) which is caused by a parasite.

Prevention of Vaginitis

 In order to prevent vaginitis, it is advisable to:

  1. Use a quality cotton undergarment.
  2. Avoid using sanitary products or scented soaps and perfumes for washing the vagina.
  3. Practice to clean or wipe from back to front when going to the toilet.
  4. Have safe sex using condoms.

 It is always said that “Prevention is better than cure” and If you found irritation that might be the symptoms of vaginitis, it should be treated by a professional gynaecologist. If you find any of the above symptoms that show the sign of Vaginitis, you can consult with Mrs. Sarah Hussain, the leading female gynaecologist in London. Request a call for treatment.

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thrush symptoms causes and treatment

Thrush: Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

Women sometimes ignore a few issues related to gynae, which they wouldn’t find it to be serious, but if ignored might lead to serious problems. One such condition is Thrush which is basically a yeast infection, which can even affect men and babies. It is not a serious problem but if left untreated might be uncomfortable and might repeatedly turn back. It can be mainly present in genital areas or in the mouth as oral thrush.

Symptoms of  Thrush:

  1. Vaginal discharge, white in color mostly looks like cottage cheese but doesn’t smell.
  2. Uneasiness due to itching and irritation around the vaginal area.
  3. A sensation of picking and soreness during sex or during urinating.

Symptoms of Oral Thrush:

  1. Slit at the corners of the mouth
  2. Tasting ability is lost due to sore tongue or gums.
  3. Finding difficulty in eating and drinking
  4. A sense of bad taste within the mouth

Thrush can even be found over other parts of the body such as the groin areas, armpits, and in between the fingers.

Causes of Thrush

Although it isn’t classified under sexually transmitted infection, thrush still gets transmitted through sexual contact. Moist, warm areas favor the growth of thrush and it can also develop due to obstruction in the balance of bacteria.

Following are the conditions that lead to thrush

  1. Low immune system
  2. Your skin has a blemish or damaged
  3. You have diabetes that isn’t properly diagnosed.
  4. Intake of antibiotics, as they can kill both healthy as well as disease-causing bacteria
  5. Consuming oral contraceptives
  6. Pregnancy

Treatment for Thrush

  1. The treatment for oral thrush can be treated using a mouth gel, which lasts a week
  2. After the medication or gradual use of gel or cream for a week, there affected areas by thrush should be recovered.
  3. The basic treatment to treat thrush is to make use of antifungal medicine, which can be an oral medicine, tablet to be inserted into the vagina or cream to soothe the condition.

The condition and symptoms may look less risky but if avoided may lead to serious condition. And if thrush is found to occur repeatedly, you need to immediately consult your gynecologist for the treatment.

If you are feeling discomfort due to the effects of thrush and are looking for the best gynaecologist, you can consult with Mrs. Sarah Hussain, the leading female gynaecologist in London. Request a call for treatment.

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