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Foods to Eat and Avoid during your Periods

Many women have uncomfortable symptoms during their periods some food items can reduce the symptoms some may worsen the symptoms. 

Symptoms may include:

  • Headache
  • Mood swings 
  • Cramps 
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea 
  • Bloating 
  • fatigue

Foods to intake during Periods:

Fruits: Fruits which are rich in water, such as watermelon and cucumber, are good for staying hydrated. Instead of intaking a lot of refined sugars, which may cause glucose levels to spike, sweet fruits will help you curb sugar cravings.

Green leafy vegetables: It is quite common to struggle with a dip in iron levels during menstruation, particularly if the menstrual flow is heavy. Which leads to fatigue, body pain, and dizziness. Green leafy vegetables like kale and spinach (rich in magnesium) can boost iron levels.

Ginger: As ginger has anti-inflammatory properties, it helps to soothe achy muscles. A cup of ginger tea will improve certain symptoms of periods. It also reduces nausea and vomiting during pregnancy in the first trimester. Avoid intaking ginger more than 4grams in a day as excessive intake of ginger may result in heartburn and stomach aches.

Dark chocolate: A tasty and favorite eatable is dark chocolate, it is rich in magnesium and iron. It is recommended to daily intake dark chocolate for iron and magnesium.

Nuts: As many nuts are enriched with omega 3 fatty acids, they are a good source of protein. They contain magnesium and multiple vitamins. Some may not like intaking nuts directly, they can try butternuts, nut-based products.

Chicken: Chicken is rich in iron and protein which should be added to the diet. Intaking proteins are very very for overall health, as they help to stay seated during menstruation, curbing cravings.

Turmeric: It is well known as an anti-inflammatory spice. Curcumin is the vital active ingredient in it.

Foods to Avoid during Periods:

Carbonated Drinks: Sugary and carbonated drinks like soda will dispense to bloating. Instead of drinks better stick to water. Increase the intake of water will ease water retention and bloating.

Salt: Consuming excessive salts may result in water retention, which may cause bloating. It would be better to avoid eatables that contain a lot of sodium. 

Fat contents: Fat content foods have a very strong effect on hormonal activity in the body. Trans fats, saturated fats may result in period pain and inflammation. Skip heavy meat and dairy products to down the fat intake, which may regulate estrogen levels.

Alcohol: Alcohol consumption has various negative effects which can madden the symptoms of periods. It dehydrates the body which may worsen headaches and lead to bloating. This may also lead to digestive issues. Like diarrhea and nausea.

 If you find any issues or irregularity with your periods and seek to consult with a professional gynaecologist, you can consult with Dr. Sarah Hussain, the leading female gynaecologist in London. Request a call for treatment.

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5 Things you need to know about PCOS and Menopause

5 Things you need to know about PCOS and Menopause

PCOS or Polycystic ovary syndrome affects hormone levels, inducing difficulties with fertility and raising some health risks. It is a condition that leads to the growth of cysts on women’s ovaries. It arises when the sex hormones progesterone and estrogen are in inadequate balance.it is quite a common endocrine disorder in women.  Menopause is a condition when a woman’s periods stop conclusively when there is a subsequent reduction in sex hormone level.

Women with PCOS yields surpassing the level of testosterone than normal. And also have a very low level of progesterone. The minimization in sexual hormones that leads to Menopausewill not redress the disproportion of hormones that causes PCOS.

Menopause will not aid PCOS:

As Menopause carries various changes in hormones, it certainly does not cure PCOS. Hormone Therapy is the elite choice to manage symptoms for both PCOS and Menopause. hormone therapy helps to bring back the balance in the hormones which eases symptoms.

PCOS may delay Menopause: 

Women may go through menopause for an average of two years if they have PCOS.

Women with PCOS should notice their blood sugar levels:

PCOS can be very less responsive to insulin, which may raise diabetes levels. This can also increase male hormones in high levels making symptoms worse. 

Weight Gain: One of the symptoms of menopause is weight gain. This may also increase insulin resistance.

PCOS may develop at any stage after Puberty: 

Mostly many women get to know they have PCOS in their 20s or 30s. It can develop at phase during a woman’s reproductive years.it’s abnormal to develop PCOS during Perimenopause. 

Similar symptoms:

  • Irregular periods.
  • Sometimes they may miss periods. 
  • Infertility.
  • Mood swings. 
  • Difficulty to sleep.
  • Thinning hair on the head.
  • Weight gain. 
  • Unwanted and abnormal hair growth on the face. 

PCOS symptoms:

  • Acne.
  • Skin problems. 
  • Headache. 
  • Pain in pelvis.

Menopause Symptoms:

  • Changes in sexual drive.
  • Hot flashes.
  • Sweat during the night.
  • Uncomfortable sex. 
  • Painful sex.
  • Abnormal urine leakage. 
  • Vaginal infection. 
  • Urinary tract.
  • Dryness and thinning of tissue in the vagina

 If you find any of the symptoms mentioned above and seek to consult with a professional gynaecologist, you can consult with Dr. Sarah Hussain, the leading female gynaecologist in London. Request a call for treatment.

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Sexual Dysfunction - Types, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Sexual Dysfunction – Types, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

What is Sexual Dysfunction?

It is a complication that occurs during any phase of the sexual response cycle. It prevents from satisfactory sex experience. The sexual echo cycle comprises rage, plateau, orgasm, and resolution. Sexual dysfunction is a relatively common disorder which discharges or release of libido.

Causes of Sexual Dysfunction:

The chances of sexual dysfunction increases with age. Many psychological factors cause it, and stress is a common cause. And a few other reasons are:

  • Sexual trauma. 
  • Diabetes. 
  • Heart diseases. 
  • Medical conditions. 
  • Usage of drugs.
  • Alcohol addictions.

Types of Sexual Dysfunction:

  • Desire disorders: A deficit of sexual desire or interest in sex is also known as libido disorder. It is caused because of low-level estrogen and testosterone.
  • Orgasm disorders: Absence and delay of orgasm are most common in women and sometimes occur in men.
  • Arousal disorders: Excited during sex but unable to get any physical satisfaction. The familiar arousal disorder in men is erectile dysfunction.
  • Pain disorders: pain during intercourse for both males and females. Basically, in women, pain is caused by vaginal dryness, and in men, pain is mostly caused because of Peyronie’s disease.

Symptoms of Sexual Dysfunction:

Depending on the cause and type of dysfunction, symptoms manifest.

For both men and women: 

  • Inadequacy of sexual desire.
  • A complication of being aroused. 
  • Pain while intercourse. 

For Men: 

  • Frailty to accomplish or to sustain a full erection. 
  • Delayed ejaculation. 
  • Premature ejaculation. 

For women:

  • Lack of orgasm. 
  • Dry vagina.
  • Dyspareunia. 

Prevention for Sexual Dysfunction both in women and men:

Some types of sexual dysfunction cannot be prevented. But adopting some habits may reduce the risk factors:

  • Stop smoking.
  • Aerobic exercise.
  • Healthy diet.
  • Limit alcohol intake. 
  • Avoid illegal drugs intake. 
  • Take proper medication if you are suffering from chronic diseases.

Diagnosis of sexual dysfunction: It differs from the type of sexual dysfunction. Persistently lab tests play a defined aspect in diagnosing sexual dysfunction. This actually begins with symptoms. 

Treatment of Sexual Dysfunction: 

  •  when aid is the reason for dysfunction, a change in the therapy may support it. Hormone shots, pills, and creams are useful for hormone deficiency in men and women.  Drugs that contain sildenafil, tadalafil, vardenafil, and avanafil will broaden men’s sexual concern by accumulating blood flow to the penis.
  • The two medications which are endorsed by the FDA in premenopausal women to treat lack of desire, inclusive of flibanserin and bremelanotide. 
  • For erectile dysfunction, vacuum devices and penile implants can be used for men.
  • For a narrow vagina in women, dilators can be used.
  • Vibrators can also help in improving sexual enjoyment.
  • Self-stimulation for arousal and orgasm disorders.
  • For vaginismus, consider abiding sex therapy.

Consult with a professional gynaecologist if you ever have questions about Sexual Dysfunction. You can visit the leading female gynecologist in London, Dr. Sarah Hussain. Ask for a counseling appeal.

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Intrauetrine device

Overview of Intrauterine Device

What is an Intrauterine Device?

It’s an effective long-term contraception method that does not require replacement for long periods and does not interfere with sexual activity. The intrauterine system releases progesterone to prevent pregnancy.

The Technique of Insertion of IUD

The insertion of an IUD is relatively simple and easy. First, a thorough pelvic examination is performed to determine the position and size of the uterus. The presence of any uterine, tubal, or ovarian pathology precludes the insertion of the device. The vagina and cervix are inspected through a speculum. Any vaginal or cervical infection must be treated and cured before a device is inserted. The cervix is grasped with a vulsellum or allis forceps. The device is mounted into the introducer, and the stop on the introducer is adjusted to the length of the uterine cavity. The introducer is then passed through the cervical canal, and the plunger is pressed, which is called the push-in technique. In comparison, the withdrawal technique has less chance of uterine perforation. 

Mechanism of Action:

  • The presence of a foreign body in the uterine cavity renders the migration of spermatozoa difficult.
  • A foreign body within the uterus aggravates uterine contractility through prostaglandin discharge and surges the tubal peristalsis so that the fertilized egg is propelled down the fallopian tube more rapidly than in normal, and it reaches the uterine cavity before the development of chorionic villi.
  • The device causes leukocyte infiltration in the endometrium.
  • Copper T elutes copper, which brings about peculiar enzymatic and metabolic changes in the endometrial tissue, which are ruinous to the proselytism of the fertilized ovum.
  • Progestogen carrying device causes a mutation in the cervical mucus, which hinders sperm penetration and its local action. It also induces endometrial atrophy. It prevents ovulation in about 40%

Uses of IUD:

  •  contraceptive.
  • Postcoital contraception.
  • Excision of uterine septum and Asherman’s syndrome.
  • Hormonal IUD in menorrhagia and dysmenorrhoea.
  • In menopausal women Hormonal replacement therapy
  • It can also be used to counteract endometrial hyperplasia.


  • Pregnancy is suspected. 
  • Lower genital tract infection. 
  • Presence of fibroids. 
  • Menorrhagia and dysmenorrhoea. 
  • Heart disease.
  • Scarred uterus.
  • LNG IUD in breast cancer. 
  • Abnormally shaped uterus. 
  • Septate uterus.


With the advancements in new devices, acceptability and compliance have been improved. The complications are:


  • Difficulty in insertion.
  • Vasovagal attack.
  • Uterine cramps. 


  • Expulsion. 
  • Perforation. 
  • Spotting menorrhagia.
  • Dysmenorrhoea. 
  • Vaginal infection. 
  • Actinomycosis. 


  • PID – 2 to 5% does not prevent the transmission of HIV.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Ectopic pregnancy. 
  • Perforation. 
  • Menorrhagia. 
  • Dysmenorrhoea.

Misplaced IUD:

The causes if the IUD is not seen are :

The uterus has enlarged through pregnancy. 

Thread has curled inside the uterus. 

Perforation has occurred, or the IUD is buried in the myometrium. 

It has been expelled. 

Plain Radiograph or pelvic ultrasound will show whether the IUD is still inside or it has been expelled. Abnormal shape or location of IUD on radiograph indicates likely perforation.

If you are facing any Gynaecologist problem abnormal vaginal bleeding and are seeking a test and diagnosis, you can consult with Dr Sarah Hussain, the leading Female Gynaecologist in London. Request a call for treatment.

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Transvaginal ultrasound

Gynecologist in London

Transvaginal defines “through the vagina.” It is an internal examination. It uses high-frequency sound waves to create images of internal organs to examine female reproductive organs and also used to identify the abnormalities. Transvaginal ultrasound is called endovaginal ultrasound. 

Transvaginal ultrasound detects uterine gestational sac 1-week earlier than the transabdominal probe and gives a more precise image because of its proximity to the pelvic organs.  The pregnancy and other gynae issues can be detected by Transvaginal ultrasound. Pulsed Doppler ultrasound can add further information regarding the vascularity of the peri trophoblastic structure and reduce the false-positive findings. The transvaginal ultrasound can also detect uterine pregnancy. 

When is a transvaginal ultrasound performed?

  • To check for cysts.
  • Pelvic pain. 
  • Vaginal bleeding.
  • Abnormal pelvic or abdominal exam. 
  • Ectopic pregnancy. 
  • To verify IUD is adequately placed. 
  • Through Transvaginal ultrasound, fetus heartbeat can be monitored.
  • To observe cervix changes which may lead to complications like miscarriage or premature delivery.
  • Identify the reason behind abnormal bleeding. 
  • Examine the placenta. 
  • Confirm an early pregnancy. 
  • Diagnose a possible miscarriage. 

Preparation for transvaginal ultrasound: 

  • For the clear picture of pelvic organs, the bladder must not be empty; it must be full.
  • Drink 35 ounces of water or any intake of liquids before an hour. 
  • Remove tampons if you are on the menstrual cycle.

 During a transvaginal ultrasound:

  • There might be a squeak of clamps. 
  • The ultrasound wand is bound up with a lubricating gel and condom and is inserted in the vagina.
  • Latex-free probe cover is used in case of any latex allergy.
  • As the doctor inserts the transducer, the patient might feel the pressure. 
  • Once after the insertion of the transducer sound waves bounce off internal organs to transmit pictures of the pelvis.
  • The doctor turns the transducer in the vagina for an extensive picture of organs.
  • The doctors use a saline infusion sonography. They may insert saltwater into the uterus before the ultrasound to identify the abnormalities.
  • Transvaginal ultrasound can be performed on a pregnant woman also. 


Transvaginal ultrasound helps to diagnose 

  • Cancer in the reproductive organs. 
  • Routine pregnancy. 
  • Cysts.
  • Fibroids.
  • Pelvic infection. 
  • Ectopic pregnancy. 
  • Miscarriage.
  • Placenta previa.

Abnormal Results: 

  • Abnormal growth in ovaries or uterus. 
  • Fibroids a benign tumour that may cause abdominal pain. 
  • Ovarian cysts are common. 
  • Ovarian cancer can be detected through a transvaginal ultrasound.

If you are facing any abnormal gynae symptoms or discomforts, you can consult with Dr Sarah Hussain, the leading Female Gynaecologist in London. Request a call for treatment.

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