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Benefits and Risks of Hormone Replacement Therapy

Benefits and Risks of Hormone Replacement Therapy

Women have a finite number of ovaries that are used up over time. The quality and quantity diminish at around the age 40 due to gradual damage done by DNA in an egg from puberty onwards. A woman’s ovaries supply starts to decline as she ages and by the time they reach their 50s, and there will be very few eggs. As a result of this decrease infertility and pregnancy complications arise like misscarriage or chromosomal abnormalities, at that point it is impossible for her ovaries to produce any more eggs.

Their hormone levels change as they age, and this will lead to various changes in their body. In some women, these changes may be uncomfortable and very inconvenient. They may experience symptoms related to menopause.

Menopause is not the only reason for hormonal imbalance though, it may also be due to other conditions like polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) or thyroid disease. HRT is a treatment option that many doctors recommend for post menopausal women who are experiencing unpleasant symptoms associated with menopause. 

Benefits of Hormone Replacement Therapy:

The main benefit of HRT is that it can help relieve most menopausal symptoms, such as:

  • Hot flushes 
  • Night sweats 
  • Mood swings (and increased stability)
  • Vaginal dryness and painful intercourse.

 It also helps prevent thinning of the bones, which can lead to fracture/osteoporosis in post-menopausal women. Osteoporosis becomes more common after the natural period ends for a woman’s body – usually around 50 years old or when periods have stopped several times over a twelve-month period during her reproductive life span.

Risks of Hormone Replacement Therapy:

HRT is one of the most common treatments for menopausal symptoms. The benefits usually outweigh any risks with HRT.

But understanding those risks can help you make a more informed decision about taking it. Consult your doctor before starting or continuing treatment if you are worried about potential side effects.

  • Breast Cancer 
  • Blood clots 
  • Strokes.

There are many benefits and few risks associated with HRT. If you think that hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is right for you, book an appointment to learn more about the pros and cons of this treatment. Our doctors will be happy to answer any questions or concerns you have about your individual situation as well as discuss how best to treat menopause symptoms in general. But if there’s one thing we know from our years of research, it’s that every woman has different needs when it comes to hormones so please let us help figure out what works best for YOU!


If you’re experiencing any symptoms related to menopause, consult with the gynaecologist about the treatment. Mrs. Sarah Hussain is a leading female gynaecologist in London treating different gynae issues. Request a call for treatment.