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What is PCOS?

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the common hormonal endocrine disorders in women of reproductive age. It is a condition in which a woman’s levels of the sex hormones estrogen and progesterone are out of balance. POCS is also known as Stein-Leventhal Syndrome or Polycystic Ovarian Disease.

Women with PCOS usually have the following three conditions:
1. Cysts that develop in varies (polycystic ovaries)
2. High levels of “male hormones” called androgens in Female body
3. Absence of ovulation, leading to irregular menstrual periods or no periods at all

The major cause for PCOS is change in hormone (estrogen and progesterone) levels of the Women that make it harder for the ovaries to release fully-grown (mature) eggs.

Symptoms of PCOS:

Symptoms of PCOS usually start after a woman begins to menstruate. The type and severity of symptoms varies from person to person. Some of them include:

• Irregular or missing menstrual periods
• Decrease in breast size
• Infertility
• Excess or unwanted body or facial hair growth such as on the face, chest, back, stomach, thumbs, or toes.
• Deepening of the voice
• Thinning hair on the scalp
• Pelvic pain
• Enlargement of the clitoris
• Weight problems, often including weight gain around the waist
• Depression or mood swings
• Skin problems, including skin tags, darkening skin and acne
• Breathing problems while sleeping
• Increased blood sugar

Complications of PCOS

The common PCOS symptoms are difficult enough for most women, but some will experience further complications, including:
• Diabetes, elevated insulin levels or insulin resistance
• Uterine cancer
• Heart and blood vessel problems
• Sleep apnea
• Breast cancer
• Infertility and miscarriage

Early diagnosis and treatment of PCOS can help control the symptoms and prevent long-term problems.Contact Sarah Hussain for beter treatment and get relief from this condition.

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What is Ovarian Cysts

The ovary is one of a pair of reproductive glands present in women that are located in the pelvis, one on each side of the uterus, and “Cyst” is a general term that represents a fluid-filled structure. Ovarian cysts are closed, sac-like structures within an ovary that contain a liquid, or semisolid substance.

Types of Ovarian Cysts:

Follicle cysts– During Menstrual Cycle, the ovaries release an egg each month. The egg grows inside a tiny sac called a follicle. When the egg matures, the follicle breaks open to release the egg Follicle cysts form when the follicle doesn’t break open to release the egg. This causes the follicle to continue growing into a cyst.

Corpus luteum cysts – When the follicle breaks open and releases the egg, the empty follicle sac shrinks into a mass of cells called the corpus luteum. It makes hormones to prepare for the next egg for the next menstrual cycle. Corpus luteum cysts form if the sac doesn’t shrink.

 Cystadenomas – Cystadenomas are usually filled with watery fluid. Sometimes they grow larger in Size and form Cysts.

Endometrioses – This is caused by Endometriosis. Endometriosis means when the lining of the uterus (womb) grows outside of the uterus.










Causes of Ovarian Cysts:

• Endometriosis
• Hormonal problems
• Pregnancy
• Severe pelvic infections

Symptoms of an Ovarian Cyst

• Painful bowel movements
• Nausea and vomiting
• Abdominal bloating or swelling
• Pain in the lower back or thighs
• Breast tenderness
• Pelvic pain before or during the menstrual cycle
• Painful intercourse
• Pain during sex
• Unexplained weight gain
• Needing to urinate more often
• Pain during your period
• Unusual (not normal) vaginal bleeding

Are you suffering from Ovarian Cysts? Then immediately contact Mrs. Sarah Hussain for better treatment to shrink or remove the cyst !!
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What are Fibroids ?

Fibroids are muscular tumors that grow in the wall of the uterus (womb). In medical terminology, fibroids are also called as  “leiomyoma”  or  “myoma”. They range from the size of a seed to the size of a tree and can be confined to the wall of the uterus or grow into the cavity of the womb.

The cause for Fibroids is not specific but Researchers think that the factors include:

  • Hormonal (affected by  estrogen and Progesterone  levels)
  • Genetic (runs in families)

Fibroids can grow on different places in different sizes :

  • Submucosal fibroids. Fibroids that grow into the inner cavity of the uterus which causes heavy menstrual bleeding .
  • Intramural fibroids. Fibroids grow within the muscular uterine wall which causes prolonged, heavy periods, as well as pain and pressure.
  • Subserosal fibroids. Fibroids that project to the outside of the uterus which causes urinary symptoms.


Symptoms of uterine Fibroids 

  • Heavy menstrual bleeding
  • Prolonged menstrual periods — seven days or more of menstrual bleeding
  • Pelvic pressure or pain
  • Frequent urination
  • Difficulty emptying your bladder
  • Constipation
  • Backache or leg pains
  • Abdominal discomfort, abdominal fullness
  • Enlargement of the lower abdomen
  • Pain during sex

Complications of Fibroids

Fibroids can increase pregnancy complications and delivery risks.

  • Anemia due to iron deficiency may result from heavy menstrual bleeding.
  • Large fibroids may reduce fertility, although this is not very common.
  • Hyaline degeneration (asymptomatic).
  • Torsion of pedunculated fibroid.
  • Ureteral obstruction causing hydronephrosis.
  • Infertility
  • Recurrent Miscarriage

Do you have any symptoms of Fibroids , then  discuss with Mrs. Sarah Hussain for better ways to diagnose and treat your problem.


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What is Faecal Incontinence?

Faecal incontinence may be experienced in women especially after childbirth. It is the inability to control bowel movements, causing stool (feces) to leak unexpectedly from the rectum. This is also called as called bowel incontinence . It ranges from an occasional leakage of stool while passing gas to a complete loss of bowel control.

This is one of the most psychologically and socially debilitating conditions in an otherwise healthy individual. It can lead to social isolation, loss of self-esteem and self-confidence, and depression.

What Causes Faecal Incontinence?

  • Stretching or tearing of muscles or nerves near the rectum during childbirth
  • Diarrhea
  • Certain illnesses such as diabetes, multiple sclerosis, or stroke
  • Gastrointestinal problems, such as inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome, colitis, or cancer of the rectum
  • Rectovaginal fistula
  • Constipation
  • Surgery or radiation therapy to the pelvic area


   What are the Symptoms?

  • Involuntary leaking of gas, liquid or solid stool
  • Diarrhea
  • A strong or urgent need to have a bowel movement
  • Stool spotting on underwear
  • Constipation                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

Basic precautions to Reduce the effect of Faecal Incontinence    

  • Avoid foods such as Diary products, spicy foods, fatty or greasy foods, caffeinated beverages, diet foods or drinks, sugar-free gum or candy, and alcohol..
  • Eat smaller more frequent meals.. Eating smaller and more frequent meals can reduce the frequency of bowel movements.
  • Increase fiber in the diet. Fiber increases stool bulk and often improves the consistency of stool.


Sarah Hussain Urogynecology doctor specialists in diagnosing and treating pelvic floor disorders and “Mrs Sarah Hussain can discuss with you about these types of gynaecological problems”


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Endometriosis problems in Women

The tissue that lines inside uterus is known as the Endometrium. Endometriosis is a condition that occurs when tissue similar to the inside lining of the uterus is found outside of its normal location. It most commonly involves in ovaries, bowel or the tissue lining pelvis. Rarely, endometrial tissue may spread to pelvic region.

Signs and symptoms

Most common symptoms of endometriosis include:

  • Pelvic pain – which is associated with menstrual periods rarely and the pain can be severe and debilitating
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Abnormal menstrual bleeding (heavy periods or bleeding between periods)
  • Difficulty or inability to get pregnant.
  • Lower back pain
  • Bowel pain, bloating, pain with passing wind or pain when passing a bowel motion.
  • Constipation or Diarrhea
  • Constant tiredness
  •  Premenstrual syndrome
  • Depression and mood disturbances
  • Pain before or while passing urine or recurrent urinary tract infections.





Causes of Endometriosis

The reason for the cause of endometriosis is explained by most accepted theories:

  • Sampson’s Theory: This theory explains that the flow of menstrual blood gets “backed up” causing some of the blood to flow in a reverse direction. This process causes blood containing endometrial tissue to attach to surfaces outside of the uterus.
  • Vascular Theory: This theory suggests that the endometrial tissue “travels” through the body via blood vessels. It then reaches various tissues, implants, and then grows, causing pain.
  • Meyer’s Theory: This theory proposes that specific cells called “metaplastic cells” change into endometrial cells and are actually present at birth.

    If endometriosis is not found and treated carefully, it can grow and damage the fallopian tubes and ovaries. So consult best urgogynacologist @ Sarah for relieving pain, controlling the progression of the endometriosis, and preserving fertility for future childbearing.

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