Fibroids are muscular tumors that grow in the wall of the uterus (womb). In medical terminology, fibroids are also called as “leiomyoma” or “myoma”. They range from the size of a seed to the size of a tree and can be confined to the wall of the uterus or grow into the cavity of the womb.
The cause for Fibroids is not specific but Researchers think that the factors include:
- Hormonal (affected by estrogen and Progesterone levels)
- Genetic (runs in families)
Fibroids can grow on different places in different sizes :
- Submucosal fibroids. Fibroids that grow into the inner cavity of the uterus which causes heavy menstrual bleeding .
- Intramural fibroids. Fibroids grow within the muscular uterine wall which causes prolonged, heavy periods, as well as pain and pressure.
- Subserosal fibroids. Fibroids that project to the outside of the uterus which causes urinary symptoms.
Symptoms of uterine Fibroids
- Heavy menstrual bleeding
- Prolonged menstrual periods — seven days or more of menstrual bleeding
- Pelvic pressure or pain
- Frequent urination
- Difficulty emptying your bladder
- Backache or leg pains
- Abdominal discomfort, abdominal fullness
- Enlargement of the lower abdomen
- Pain during sex
Complications of Fibroids
Fibroids can increase pregnancy complications and delivery risks.
- Anemia due to iron deficiency may result from heavy menstrual bleeding.
- Large fibroids may reduce fertility, although this is not very common.
- Hyaline degeneration (asymptomatic).
- Torsion of pedunculated fibroid.
- Ureteral obstruction causing hydronephrosis.
- Recurrent Miscarriage
Do you have any symptoms of Fibroids , then discuss with Mrs. Sarah Hussain for better ways to diagnose and treat your problem.