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Do you know why Fibroids Cause Heavy Bleeding?

Uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths of the muscle tissue of the uterus. They can range in number and size from a single growth to multiple growths, and from very small to large. As many as 70% to 80% of all women will have fibroids by age 50. The medical term for fibroids is leiomyoma or myoma.
FibroidsReason 1

Fibroids cause excessive bleeding because the tumour is quite close to the uterine lining. When fibroids tend to develop inside the womb then the mechanism that controls the menstrual flow may not work appropriately. If there is the pressure of the fibroids meddling with the blood flow it can cause heavy period or spotting between regular menses.

Reason 2

Fibroids growing into the uterine cavity would be the reason for the bleeding as it impedes with normal actions of the body. Usually the mechanisms of blood coagulation (blood clotting) merging with muscular uterine contractions do have the power to stop normal menstrual bleeding. But there are fibroids they would certainly try to disrupt the smooth muscles of the uterus from contracting wholly. And this is the reason why fibroids cause bleeding.

Reason 3

Fibroids are solid tumor that grow and tries to stimulate blood vessels to expand so as to bring more blood to the uterus. Due to this condition, the uterus starts to receive more blood than usual. This is certainly the main cause for heavy bleeding that some women get to experience. Sometimes excessive bleeding may also occur when fibroids cause major congestion of blood in the uterus by not letting the normal blood to flow back to the heart.

If you are experiencing a heavy or unusual bleeding,  Fibroid can be the reason behind it. Ignoring it may worsen the situation. Have a quick talk with Dr.Sarah Hussain to know about the quick solutions available to  get rid of your problems.

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When to make an appointment with Gynaecologist ?

It is very important that girls should receive appropriate medical care between the ages of 13 and 25. Every girl should go for a counselling from gynaecologist after attaining the puberty, i.e. after start of menstrual period, to avoid any future gynaecological problems. A gynaecologist is a very important person on the list of a woman’s health care professionals.

 There are a few situations that indicate one should make an appointment with a Gynaecologist


Pelvic pain and abdominal discomfort:
  • Sharp pelvic pain may be a warning sign that you have an infection, a ruptured ovarian cyst, or a dangerous ectopic pregnancy(a pregnancy growing outside the uterus),
  • More constant pain or a feeling of fullness in the abdomen is suggestive of uterine fibroids, which are non-cancerous tumours.
  • Another potential source of regular pelvic pain is endometriosis

Unusual discharge or soreness in the genital area

  • Changes in discharge as well as itching and burning around your vagina could indicate some type of vaginitis. Two major culprits are yeast and bacterial infections, which can be treated with medication. Very painful genital sores could be a sign of herpes, says Weiss.

Painful sex

  • Pain during sex can be felt as deep pelvic pain or soreness in your genital area. Common causes are vaginal dryness, infections, or uterine fibroids

Bleeding between periods/postmenopausal bleeding

  • Post-menopausal bleeding (PMB) is vaginal bleeding or Spotting that happens at least 12 months after a woman has stopped having menstrual cycles due to menopause. This could be a sign of an injury to the vagina, a miscarriage, or even cancer of the cervix or uterus

Delayed periods/missed periods

  • Uterine fibroids, an infection, or a thyroid problem could be one of the reasons for missing period.

Problems with urination or bowel movements

  • Urinary incontinence or difficulty moving your bowels can be symptoms of pelvic floor problems.

 If you are experiencing any of these warning signs, please contact Dr. SARAH HUSSAIN who is experienced in handling a variety of  such gynaecological issues . She can evaluate the problem and provide accurate treatment to help you get back to the best feeling of being healthy.

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uterine prolapse

What is Uterine Prolapse?

Uterus is a muscular organ present in females, which is placed in position in pelvic cavity by the pelvic muscles and ligaments. If these ligaments and muscles weaken or stretch, it would no longer support the uterus and the organ slips from its normal position. This dispositioning of uterus is called as uterine prolapse.

The uterine prolapse can be categorized as complete and incomplete prolapse.

  1. Incomplete uterine prolapse: The condition in which the uterus is sagging partly into the vagina, then it is called as incomplete uterine prolapse.
  2. Complete uterine prolapse: The condition in which the uterus slips down so far down that some tissue of uterus protrudes out of vagina is called as complete uterine prolapse.
  3. The weakened muscles and ligaments of pelvic floor lets the uterus to sag down from its original
  4. position. This may occur as per following stages of prolapse:
  5. First Degree: The cervix or cervical wall droops into the vagina.
  6. Second Degree: The cervix comes down till the opening of vagina.
  7. Third Dgree: The cervix comes outside the vagina.
  8. Fourth Degree: The complete uterus or a part of uterus starts protruding out of vagina. This condition is also known as procidentia. This happens as a result of weakening of all of the supporting muscles.

Causes of Uterine Prolapse:

Women belonging to any age group can be affected by uterine prolapse. But it is most common in women undergoing Menopause. During menopause, the estrogen level in the women’s blood decreases. It falls down further as the age of the woman increases. Estrogen is the hormone responsible for the strength of pelvic muscles. So as the estrogen level decreases the risk of uterine prolapse increases.

Another condition that may lead to uterine prolapse is any activity that puts pressure on the pelvic muscles. This includes damages caused to these tissues and muscles during pregnancy and childbirth.

Other factors that may lead to strenuous activities include chronic coughing, obesity, chronic constipation, excess weight lifting, etc. These activities may further result in uterine prolapse.

Symptoms of prolapse can be:

  • Pressure or bulginess in vagina or pelvis.
  • Difficulty during sexual intercourse.
  • Frequent and sudden urge to empty the bladder or leakage of urine.
  • Visible protuberance of cervix or uterus into the vaginal opening.
  • Increased vaginal discharge or even increased bleeding.

Symptoms may get worse when you sit or stand for long time or during exercising or weight lifting.

The risk of having a uterine prolapse can be prevented in following ways:

  • Continue with regular pelvic floor exercises.
  • Always eat a high-fibre diet which includes fresh fruits, vegetables and whole grain products.
  • It would avoid constipation and thus reduce the straining of muscles during passing stool.
  • Always maintain a healthy weight.
  • Avoid lifting heavy weight objects.
  • Avoid smoking, it increases risk of prolapse.
  • During menopause, women can go for estrogen replacement therapy under the strict supervision of gynaecologist.

Are you suffering from any such symptoms of uterine prolapse? Please visit Dr. Sarah Hussain for precise and proper treatment and guidance.

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What is PMB?

Menopause is the time after you have your last period. Post-menopausal bleeding(PMB) is vaginal bleeding or Spotting that happens at least 12 months after a woman has stopped having menstrual cycles due to menopause.

PMB is not pertinent to young women having amenorrhoea (absence of menstrual periods) due to anorexia nervosa or having a pregnancy followed by lactation. PMB may be related to those young women who are suffering from premature ovarian failure or premature menopause. Vaginal bleeding is a symptom of PMB.


Causes of PMB

  • Atrophy– This occurs when the vagina and pelvic organs become depleted of oestrogen which is a hormone produced by the ovaries and in much lower quantities after the menopause. The lack of this hormone leads to thinning of the vaginal skin and blood vessels come nearer to the surface, which can lead to soreness and bleeding.
  • Polyp – Cervical or womb polyps are tissue growths that are formed in the cervix (neck of the womb) or the womb itself.
  • Endometrial hyperplasia– A thickened womb lining which can be caused by hormone replacement therapy (HRT), high levels of oestrogen or by being overweight; if left untreated this can lead to development of womb cancer(also known as endometrial cancer).
  • Uterine fibroids.
  • Infection of the uterine lining (endometritis).
  • Medications such as hormone therapy and tamoxifen.
  • Pelvic trauma.
  • Bleeding from the urinary tract or rectum.
  • Excessive overgrowth of the cells that make up the lining of the uterus (endometrial hyperplasia).


Post menopausal bleeding needs to be checked out by a doctor. Mostly it is a sign of a minor health problem but can sometimes be an early sign of more serious disease. It’s important to make the diagnosis as early as possible. Are you experiencing any problem related to PMB then immediately Contact Sarah Husain for better solution and treatment.

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What is PMS ?

Pre Menstrual Syndrome(PMS) is a condition in women where certain symptoms occur each month before a period which is usually at peak in the 3-7 days before a period .PMS is sometimes called premenstrual tension (PMT) or premenstrual disorder (PMD). It is the cyclic occurrence of symptoms that are sufficiently severe to interfere with some aspects of life, that appear with consistent and predictable relationship to the menses.

Symptoms of premenstrual syndrome 

Physical Symptoms of PMS includes
  • Food and alcohol cravings.
  • Headache
  • Skin problems.
  • Swollen joints, particularly ankles.
  • Water retention.                                                           
  • Weakness.
  • Weight gain
  • Headache
  • Backache
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Breast pain
  • Trouble in sleeping (Insomnia)
  • Fatigue
  • Weight gain related to fluid retention
 Psychological (Mental) Symptoms of PMS
  • Decreased sex drive.
  • Depression.
  • Insomnia.
  • Irritability.
  • Poor concentration.
  • Weepiness.
  • Tiredness
  • Anger
  • Anxiety
  • Loss of confidence

 Causes for PMS

The main cause for PMS is fluctuating levels of hormones including Estrogen and Progesterone that occur in preparation for menstruation. An increase in these hormones can cause mood swings, anxiety and irritability.


There are some Lifestyle factors that are associated with PMS which includes:

  • Weight and Exercise
  • Diet
  • Stress
  • Carbohydrate metabolism
  • Disrupted sodium metabolism
  • Abnormal neurotransmitter response

PMS can have a significant impact on your life. Are you experiencing any such issues associated with PMS, then immediately book an appointment with Sarah Hussain who offers the precise solution that is effective and gets to the root of the problem, to resolve the issue completely.
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