If you bleed in early pregnancy it does not always mean that you are having a miscarriage?
Bleeding during pregnancy is relatively common, but it can be a dangerous sign .In early pregnancy you might get some perfectly harmless light bleeding, called “spotting”. This is when the developing embryo plants itself in the wall of your womb. This often happens around the time that your first period after conception would have been due.
Causes of bleeding in early pregnancy
During the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, vaginal bleeding can be a sign of Miscarriage or Ectopic Pregnancy or Molar Pregnancy .However, many women who bleed at this stage of pregnancy go on to have normal and successful pregnancies
Miscarriage Because miscarriage is most common during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, it tends to be one of the biggest concerns with first trimester bleeding. About half of women who bleed in pregnancy eventually miscarry, but that doesn’t necessarily mean that if you’re bleeding you’ve lost the baby.
Ectopic Pregnancy In an ectopic pregnancy, the fertilized embryo implants outside of the uterus, usually in the fallopian tube. If the embryo keeps growing, it can cause the fallopian tube to burst, which can be life-threatening to the mother. Although ectopic pregnancy is potentially dangerous, it only occurs in about 2% of pregnancies.
Molar pregnancy (also called gestational trophoblastic disease). This is a very rare condition in which abnormal tissue grows inside the uterus instead of a baby. In rare cases, the tissue is cancerous and can spread to other parts of the body.
Uterine fibroids: Uterine fibroids are masses of compacted muscle and fibrous tissue, which can be found inside or outside the uterine wall. They can be either problematic or unproblematic during pregnancy — it mainly depends on the location of the fibroids and if they grow or not. Experts aren’t sure why, but pregnancy hormones can cause fibroids to shrink or grow. – See more at: http://www.bellybelly.com.au/pregnancy/bleeding-during-pregnancy/
Changes in the cervix: The cells on the cervix often change in pregnancy and make it more likely to bleed, particularly after sex. These cell changes are harmless, and are called cervical ectropion. Vaginal infections can also cause a small amount of vaginal bleeding
Placental abruption: A serious condition in which the placenta starts to come away from the womb wall. Placental abruption usually causes stomach pain, and this may occur even if there is no bleeding.
Placenta Praevia :Low-lying placenta (or placenta praevia) is when the placenta is attached in the lower part of the womb, near to or covering the cervix. This can block your baby’s path out of your body. The position of your placenta is recorded at your anomaly scan.
Vasa Praevia : A rare condition where the baby’s blood vessels run through the membranes covering the cervix. Normally, the blood vessels would be protected within the umbilical cord and the placenta. It should be suspected if there is bleeding and the baby’s heart rate changes suddenly after the rupture of the membranes.
A show: The most common sort of bleeding in late pregnancy is the small amount of blood mixed with mucus that is known as a ‘show’. This occurs when the plug of mucus that has sealed the cervix during pregnancy comes away. This is a sign that the cervix is changing and becoming ready for labour to start. It may happen a few days before contractions start or during labour itself.
Contact Dr. Sarah Hussain immediately if you have any amount of vaginal bleeding before 37 weeks or vaginal bleeding accompanied by abdominal pain. She will monitor your case and provide you the best solution.