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What is Diet and Treatment for PCOS?

What is Diet and Treatment for PCOS?

Treatment for PCOS usually starts with lifestyle changes like weight loss, diet, and exercise.

Losing just 5 to 10 percent of your body weight can help regulate your menstrual cycle and improve PCOS symptoms. Weight loss can also improve cholesterol levels, lower insulin, and reduce heart disease and diabetes risks.

Any diet that helps you lose weight can help your condition. However, some diets may have advantages over others.

Studies comparing diets for PCOS have found that low-carbohydrate diets are effective for both weight loss and lowering insulin levels. A low glycemic index (low-GI) diet that gets most carbohydrates from fruits, vegetables, and whole grains helps regulate the menstrual cycle better than a regular weight loss diet.

A few studies have found that 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise at least three days a week can help women with PCOS lose weight. Losing weight with exercise also improves ovulation and insulin levels.

Exercise is even more beneficial when combined with a healthy diet. Diet plus exercise helps you lose more weight than either intervention alone, and it lowers your risks for diabetes and heart disease.

There is some evidence that acupuncture can help with improving PCOS, but more research is needed.

Common medical treatments
Birth control pills and other medicines can help regulate the menstrual cycle and treat PCOS symptoms like hair growth and acne.

Birth control
Taking estrogen and progestin daily can restore a normal hormone balance, regulate ovulation, relieve symptoms like excess hair growth, and protect against endometrial cancer. These hormones come in a pill, patch, or vaginal ring.

Metformin
Metformin (Glucophage, Fortamet) is a drug used to treat type 2 diabetes. It also treats PCOS by improving insulin levels.

One study found that taking metformin while making changes to diet and exercise improves weight loss, lowers blood sugar, and restores a normal menstrual cycle better than changes to diet and exercise alone (25).

Clomiphene
Clomiphene (Clomid) is a fertility drug that can help women with PCOS get pregnant. However, it increases the risk for twins and other multiple births.

Hair removal medicines
A few treatments can help get rid of unwanted hair or stop it from growing. Eflornithine (Vaniqa) cream is a prescription drug that slows hair growth. Laser hair removal and electrolysis can get rid of unwanted hair on your face and body.

Surgery
Surgery can be an option to improve fertility if other treatments don’t work. Ovarian drilling is a procedure that makes tiny holes in the ovary with a laser or thin heated needle to restore normal ovulation.

When to see a doctor
See your doctor if:

You’ve missed periods and you’re not pregnant.
You have symptoms of PCOS, such as hair growth on your face and body.
You’ve been trying to get pregnant for more than 12 months but haven’t been successful.
You have symptoms of diabetes, such as excessive thirst or hunger, blurred vision, or unexplained weight loss.
If you have PCOS, plan regular visits with your primary care doctor. You’ll need regular tests to check for diabetes, high blood pressure, and other possible complications.

The bottom line
PCOS can disrupt a woman’s menstrual cycles and make it harder to get pregnant. High levels of male hormones also lead to unwanted symptoms like hair growth on the face and body.

Lifestyle interventions are the first treatments doctors recommend for PCOS, and they often work well. Weight loss can treat PCOS symptoms and improve the odds of getting pregnant. Diet and aerobic exercise are two effective ways to lose weight.

Medicines are an option if lifestyle changes don’t work. Birth control pills and metformin can both restore more normal menstrual cycles and relieve PCOS symptoms.

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Having menses twice a month

Reasons for Having Periods Twice a Month

Having periods once in a month is bad enough for most women, but there are times when you have periods twice a month. The normal menstrual cycle is between 21 and 35 days; an average menstrual cycle is 28 days long. But it may vary from 24 to 38 days. If a menstrual cycle is shorter, then you have a period more than once a month.  Occasionally having periods twice a month has a simple explanation and is not a reason to worry. If it happens repeatedly, it’s essential to take notice of the signs that your body says you. 
Here in the blog, we will provide you with information about why women get two periods in the same month.
Let’s start:

Having two periods for the first time in the same month

Having a short menstrual cycle usually and having menses at the beginning and the end of a month more often than not. IA regular menstrual cycle is about 28 days or so, then significant change like having a period twice a month maybe a bit shocking and seem unusual. While in many cases it is merely an anomaly. It is very vital to keep in mind that vaginal bleeding can indicate a medical concern. Having twice periods for the first time could mean any of the following:

  • Sexually transmitted infection: This may cause bleeding and vaginal discharge.
  • Pregnancy: Pregnancy may some cause spotting if so, please consultant private gynaecologist
  • Miscarriage: Miscarriages are usually accompanied by heavy vaginal bleeding. If a pregnant lady suspects vaginal bleeding that is similar to menses, then visit your private gynaecologist. 

Having spotting every two weeks

If you have spotting or bleeding when you are not expecting your periods. Initially, you notice if the bleeding is due to menses or spotting:

  • If the bleeding is because of menses and getting periods twice in a month. Then you need to soak through a tampon or pad every few hours and check if the blood is bright or dark red, brown or pink.
  • If spots, the bleeding is not enough to soak via a tampon or pad. The blood usually is brown or dark red. 

What are the main causes for a short menstrual cycle or multiple periods every month

The reasons for a short menstrual cycle or two periods every month are as follows:

  • Endometriosis: Endometriosis may result in the growth of tissue similar to uterine tissue in some other regions of your body. The endometriosis symptoms include pain and cramps in the abdomen and irregular bleeding. Your consultant gynaecologist may diagnose the condition by doing pelvic examination and also ultrasound. The diagnose for endometriosis is a laparoscopy which is a minor surgical procedure. For more information go through the blog: https://www.mygynae.co.uk/worldwide-endometriosis-march-for-awareness-of-endometriosis-among-women/
  • Thyroid issues: Thyroid issues such as hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism can cause two periods in a month. This may cause irregularity in the menstrual cycle. In Hypothyroidism, your thyroid glands will be the inactive state and cannot produce enough hormones. Symptoms of hypothyroidism include:
    • Heavy bleeding during menses
    • Pale skin
    • Tiredness
    • Slow heart rate
    • Weight gain
    • Constipation
    • Feeling cold all the time
    • Puffy face

In hyperthyroidism, the thyroid gland will be overactive and produces too much of thyroid hormone. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:

    • Feeling hot all the time
    • Diarrhoea
    • Irritability
    • Difficulty in sleeping
    • Weight loss
    • Rapid heart rate
    • Bulging eyes
  • Uterine fibroids: The fibroids grow in the uterus and are not malignant or cancerous. They may cause heavy bleeding during menses. The symptoms of fibroids are:
    • Frequent urination
    • Feel pressure or pelvic area fullness 
    • Lower back pain
    • Sexual intercourse pain
  • Perimenopause: Perimenopause is also a cause for having two periods in a month. The duration of perimenopause may vary among women and may last for up to ten years. All these years you may under long or short menstrual cycle, lighter or heavier bleeding or even skip periods entirely. If you don’t have periods for 12 months continuously, then it means that you are in menopause.

Since there are many reasons for having two periods in a month, it’s good to visit your private gynaecologist who can help to figure the exact reason for having two periods in a month. 

Mrs Sarah Hussain the leading and top private gynaecologist will offer world-class diagnosis and treatment for irregular periods or periods twice a month. Book an appointment now.

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5 things you should never want to do on your period

Indeed, having periods isn’t the best feeling in the world. Even it comes with inconvenience, mood swings, and for some women, excruciating cramps that could last for the whole day. When you are on period, there are a lot of activities you definitely don’t feel like doing. There are also a number of things you should never do on your period, not just because they don’t feel great, but they could also harm your health or make you feel even worse. However, it is unfortunate to avoid a monthly cycle that we all have to go through. Here in this blog, we will list things that we shouldn’t do when we are on periods. 

Five things you should never do on your periods

Eat Salty foods: Even though you are carving for food that too salty and are overloaded with oil and sugar. These could make you bloating and feel worse cramps as salty foods tend to increase water retention. The fatty foods also increase the chemical production that causes your uterus to contract and also tend to ender bed cramps.

Wearing the wrong bra: Some women will undergo breast pain during their periods due to hormonal changes. If you feel breast tenderness and sore during your period, then make sure you wear the best-fitted bra that gives you excellent support. A sports bra is the best fitted and gives you the best comfort throughout the day. 

Not enough sleep: When you don’t have enough sleep, the body may release stress hormone cortisol that affects the gland which regulates your hormones. With this, your hormones get imbalanced, which ultimately leads to irregular periods that negatively affect your cycle.

Skip workout: It doesn’t mean to skip your regular workout classes, during periods it is suggested to skip the workout sessions as it could affect your hormones leading to irregular menstrual cycles.

Loading with coffee: Consuming too much coffee causes vasoconstriction, which decreases the blood supply to the muscles of the uterus. To reduce menstrual cramps getting worse, try cutting down on your usual intake during your period. 

Even there are many other things that you should not do when you are on the periods are: Don’t leave sanitary products in too long, don’t use cleansers with artificial fragrance, don’t use a douche, don’t smoke cigarettes, never plan any painful appointments, have unprotected sex, etc. 

Mrs Sarah Hussain a leading Private Female Gynaecologist in London offers the best and world-class treatment for Gynae problems. Book an appointment now.

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Things that Mess your Menstrual Period

Things that Mess your Menstrual Period

Women at some point of time, undergo unpredictable periods in terms of arrival dates. Even sometimes, women may notice a change in the flow. And you might not be aware of the daily things that you are dong may mess or affect your menstrual cycle. Here in the article, we will discuss the routine activities that mess up your regular menstrual cycle.

Routine activities that affect your menstrual cycle

Working Irregular hours: If you are a woman working in shift basis or you work at irregular hours as you deal with different time zones, be aware that your menstrual cycle may affect. Many surveys say that women who work at irregular hours are more likely to have menstrual cycles have less than 21 days or more than 40 days. Due to irregular working hours, your circadian body rhythm, which controls a lot of functions in your body, including your menstrual periods. 

Your friend’s cycle: It could be surprising. You could recognise it slowly, but for sure you will get your periods almost the same time as your sister, flatmate, or best friend. It’s not a myth that your period is getting affected by other women’s cycles, especially for those in close to you, which is known as menstrual synchrony and pheromones are the reasons for it happen.

Immense Stress: When you are facing tremendous stress, then you might have unpredictable periods. This is due to your body’s normal response to a high level of stress which eventually shuts down the production of hormones that need to ovulate. It happens only in periods of extreme importance.

Frequent travelling: Frequent travelling does mean going out holiday twice a year. Here it is flying between time zones very frequently. If it is part of your job schedule, then your period might be suffering too in which melatonin produced by your body that gets out of whack when you are switching between daylight and night time very irregularly. 

Being overweight: Having weight or fat cells in your body that results in higher levels of oestrogen, which stops the process of ovulation. So the women with obese have heavy infrequent and long-lasting periods. Having raised oestrogen levels for a long period increases your risk of endometrial cancer due to this endometrial lining still continues to get thicker. So it advisable to lose weight or speke to your private gynaecologist who will provide treatment for endometrial lining thinner.

Exercising rigorously: Even with excessive exercise, your periods can either stop or may lead to getting lighter. And so your body requires a certain amount of fat to ovulate so if you have very low body fat due to excessive exercising. Skipping period for a one month or two might be fine, but if you lag for three months without getting a period, it’s time to see your consultant gynaecologist. 

Not enough sleep: Without a proper sleep will also affect your menstrual cycle, which eventually affects your ovulation and also your menstrual cycle. Even the melatonin levels also affect that has a part in regulating your menstrual cycle.

Being on medication: Depending on the medication for everything is a good habit which may affect your menstrual cycle. Some medications such as steroids, antidepressants, blood pressure pills and also allergy medicines. This means your body is addicted to medicines. This may lead to stoppage of periods. At this time you should book an appointment with your private consultant gynaecologist. 

If you find any of these cases mentioned above, then it is advisable to meet your private consultant gynaecologist. 

Mrs Sarah Hussain is the top consultant gynaecologist in London, Chigwell. She is well experienced in treating gynae issues. Book now an appointment with Sarah Hussain now.

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What Period Says about Your Health

What your Period Says about Your Health?

Woman menstruation cycle will tell a lot about your health. It will be very surprising what your periods say about your health. Some of the reports from American gynaecologists suggest that a woman’s period must be deemed a vital sign beside blood pressure, pulse and temperature due to menstruations closely connected to hormone health which control the whole body functionality. 

Let’s go in deep about periods impact on women health.

What could abnormal bleeding mean?

There will be no consent exists about the exact parameters of a normal period, but there are many consensuses for abnormal uterine bleeding. Abnormal bleeding includes: 

  • Bleeding or spotting amid periods 
  • Bleeding after sex
  • More massive bleeding or for more days than normal
  • Bleeding after menopause

The problems of abnormal uterine bleeding may vary, and these types of bleeding don’t mean always have health complications. Still, abnormal uterine bleeding could potentially be a sign of: 

  • Uterine fibroids
  • Clotting disorders or other bleeding disorders
  • Uterus abnormalities
  • Medication side effects 
  • Ovarian, uterine or cervical cancer
  • Uterus or cervix infection
  • Pelvic inflammatory disorders, etc.

Abnormal bleeding means the inadequacy of normal bleeding patterns such as rare or nonexistence periods which can be caused because of stress or physical activity like sports or rigorous exercise. 

What does a normal period mean?

In general, periods can vary from woman to woman; regular periods will last for three to seven days, while a monthly menstrual cycle is 28 to 32 days. The austerity of symptoms before and during your period can also vary. There may be cramping, breast tenderness, bloating, headaches, fatigue, mood swings and food cravings. One can recognise regular periods by tracking your symptoms and qualities such as duration and colour of your blood each month. If you get to know about the monthly periods, it will be simpler to notice differences and determine whether you may be encountering other health issues. 

Period blood colours indicate about health issues

The colour of the period blood will help you to identify any potential health issues. As per Prevention, the period blood colour could potentially point to a number of underlying conditions, though these are not always the case for every woman.

  • Watery or diluted Period blood: This indicates nutritional deficiency such as severe anaemia.
  • Gray and red mix: This indicates infection such as sexually transmitted disease
  • Dark red with large clots: This suggests that there may be high estrogen or low progesterone. With large lumps showing a severe hormonal imbalance which eventually leads to uterine fibroids.
  • Cranberry bright red: This indicates the healthy regular periods.
  • Dark brown: Old blood before or after the period that is in the uterine lining which has had time to oxidize finally make a way out of the body, which is a normal condition.
  • Pinkish: This is due to low estrogen levels, poor nutrition, polycystic ovary syndrome or perimenopause.

Every woman normal period will look different, including blood colour. The blood colour can help to determine what your period says about your health condition.

Mrs Sarah Hussain, the leading private gynaecologist in London having huge experience in treating gynae related issues. Book an appointment now. 

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