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Gynecology Cancer prevention

Gynecologic Cancer Prevention

Gynecologic Cancer begins in a woman’s reproductive organs and genitals. Cancers are always named based on the part of the body where it starts. These cancers begin in various places, such as a woman’s pelvis. Gynecologic cancer includes cancers in different organs like the vulva, vagina, cervix, uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes.

There are different types of gynecologic cancer. Each has its own risk factors and causes. 

Few Gynecologic Cancers:

Uterine Cancer(Common Cancer): It is quite commonly seen in many women. According to an American cancer society survey, it declared that around 50,000 New cases of uterus cancer were diagnosed in 2013. It’s vital to know the signs of this Gynecologic cancer.

Symptoms of Uterine Cancer include: 

  • Irregular vaginal bleeding Postmenopause and even before Menopause.
  • Pelvic Pain. 
  • Feeling a Lump. 
  • Abnormal Discharge. 
  • Exotic Weight Loss.

There are no screening tests for this type of cancer but can be identified most of this type of gynecologic cancer in the early stage. Doing Exercise regularly, Maintaining a healthy diet and weight can lower the risks.

Ovarian Cancer: It usually starts on the surface of the ovary. As per the American Cancer Society reports, this type of cancer is more common in Caucasian women than in African-American women. 

Symptoms include:

  • Bloating 
  • Abdominal or pelvic pain 
  • Complications while Eating or sensation of feeling full quickly 
  • Urinary Symptoms 

 If the above symptoms persist a week or even more, Consult a London Gynaecologist.

Screening Test:

Usually, screening checks are carried out to identify cervical cancer at its earliest stage. One of the High reasons for this type of cancer is contamination from the virus Human Papillomavirus(HPV). This infection is very common and spread through sexual contact. Many may not recognize that they have HPV as it doesn’t cause and symptoms. Cervical cancer is the Only type of gynecologic cancer detected with regular screening or PAP test. 

PAP Test: As Mentioned above, Cervical cancer can be detected early through this screening. This test helps in prevention by finding precancers and cell changes on the cervix, which may become cervical cancer if not treated properly.

HPV Test:  This is a test that finds HPV infection. It is used for women aged 30years and above.

 

Few Steps to reduce the risk of Gynecology Cancer:

Change Lifestyle:

  • Follow Healthy habits such as, 
  • Try to reduce Human Papillomavirus risk. – Reach your doctor for the prevention of HPV.
  • Quit Smoking. 
  • Maintain a Healthy Diet.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Intake More Fruits. 

Early Detection:

Many women with Cervical precancerous lesions report no symptoms. So it’s advisable to go for regular screenings before presenting symptoms.

Prophylactic Surgery:

If the risk of gynecologic cancer like ovarian cancer is High, Consult a doctor about surgery to remove ovaries.

If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms as discussed above and looking for treatment, you can consult with Dr Sarah Hussain, the leading Female Gynaecologist in London. Request a call for treatment.

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Tips to Maintain Menstrual Hygiene

Tips to Maintain Menstrual Hygiene

Menstrual periods can be passed smoothly with comfortable hygiene precautions and ample rest. Almost many women have their periods for four to five days a month. It’s a natural process that occurs every month and deserves the utmost care and hygiene It can be tolerated with rest. Maintaining proper personal menstrual hygiene is vital for safe and peaceful periods. poor hygiene during periods may lead to vaginal irritation, urinary tract infections (UTI), and cervical cancer.

Here are some tips to maintain Menstrual Hygiene:

Change sanitary pad for every four hours:

Often change sanitary pads during periods. Changing for every four hours is ideal. If not every day at least try to do the first two days as the flow will be heavier. Wearing a pad for more than eight hours is not advisable as they are potentially harmful. 

Reusable pads must be cleaned properly: 

There are reusable sanitary napkins for menstrual cycles. ensure that the reusable napkins are cleaned properly after every use so that there will be no scope for infection.

Wash vagina thoroughly:

At least twice a day was a vaginal area so that harmful bacteria can be removed. Make sure that genitalia is clean. Pantyliner may help in absorbing excess discharge. clean the area properly.

Avoid vaginal cleaners and douches:

Many women hesitate to have sexual intercourse during periods, and few won’t mind. It is advisable for the male partner to use a condom to prevent infections. Using vaginal washes and douches during periods is a strict “NO”. using douches during periods may cause serious injury to private parts and also will spread infection.

Use clean Underwear, stay comfortable:

Changing sanitary pads regularly is very essential. It is also important to wear something comfortable during periods. Wearing tight thongs, panty made of fabric may not allow the skin to breathe which finally results in infections. Use comfortable underwears or inners which doesn’t stick to the skin.

Balance Diet:

Intaking nutritious food particularly during periods is very important. stay hydrated and drink at least four to six liters of water. This will help you to feel at ease bloating sensation.

Clean Pubic Area:

Before periods try to clip pubic hair as close to the skin as possible. Ensuring that you wash your vagina at least twice a day. Pubic hair may cause infections with inadequate daily cleaning.

 If you find any irregularity with your periods or any queries related to menstrual hygiene and seek to consult with a professional gynaecologist, you can consult with Dr. Sarah Hussain, the leading female gynaecologist in London. Request a call for treatment.

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10 effective natural ways to manage menopause

10 Effective Natural Ways to Manage Menopause

It occurs when a woman hasn’t menstruated in 12 progressive months, and no longer can a woman get pregnant naturally. In other words, menopause is a phase where there is a lack of menstruation for 12 months(1 year). It usually impels a midst of 45 to 55 years. It may also develop before or after this age range. Menopause condition may cause troublesome symptoms like hot flashes and may also gain weight.  For many women, medications may not be required for menopause. In many women, menopause symptoms may develop four years before the last period.

Common Symptoms of Menopause may include:

  • Dryness in the vagina.
  • Gain weight. 
  • Depression.
  • Anxiety.
  • Low libido.
  • Concentration difficulty. 
  • Memory problems. 
  • Dry skin.
  • Headache.
  • Tender breast. 
  • Increased urination.
  • Paining joint.
  • UTIs.
  • Hair loss.
  • Unwanted hair increases in a few areas like the face, neck, chest, and upper back. 
  • Lack of periods. 
  • Lighter or heavier periods. 
  • Hot flashes. 
  • Flushing. 
  • Night sweats.

Complications may include:

  • Pain during intercourse. 
  • Vulvovaginal atrophy.
  • Mood swings. 
  • Emotional changes. 
  • Osteoporosis.
  • Urinary incontinence.
  • Blood vessel diseases. 

Natural ways to manage Menopause:

  1. The hormonal changes during menopause may weaken bones, which may increase the risk of osteoporosis. Vitamin D and calcium are good for bone health. It would be suggested to intake sufficient nutrients in your diet. Intake food items rich in calcium, such as dairy products( milk, yogurt, cheese) and green leafy vegetables.
  1. Weight gain is very common. It may be due to hormonal changes, aging, genetics, and lifestyle changes. Gaining excessive fat, particularly around the waist, may increase the risk of developing diseases like heart disease and diabetes. Maintain a proper diet.
  1. Including fruits and vegetables in the diet may prevent many menopause symptoms. Fruits and veggies help with weight loss. They help in preventing various diseases. Heart disease risks will increase after menopause. There are some possible factors like weight gain, age, reduced estrogen level.
  1. Few types of research found that women who do yoga will sleep better and have less insomnia than women who don’t practice yoga.
  1. Women who do  Workouts, going to the gym, and exercises will have fewer hot flushes. Staying healthy will alleviate menopause symptoms and help in prevention.
  1. Avoid intaking certain common triggers such as sugar and spicy food, caffeine, alcohol, etc. Some foods will trigger night sweats, mood swings, and hot flashes.
  1. Due to decreased estrogen levels, women may experience dryness. Drinking more water will help with these symptoms. Bloating caused by hormonal changes can also be reduced.
  1. Replacing complex carbohydrates like bread, rice, brown grains, wholemeal pasta will help balance sugar levels.
  1. Intaking some food items rich in phytoestrogens like soybeans, tofu, soy products, flax seeds, Linseeds, and beans will have modest advantages for hot flashes and heart disease risks. 
  1. An irregular diet may worsen menopause symptoms. In postmenopausal women Skipping meals will hinder weight loss.  Never skip meals.

If you find any issues or irregularity with your periods and seek to consult with a professional gynaecologist, you can consult with Dr. Sarah Hussain, the leading female gynaecologist in London. Request a call for treatment.

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Foods to Eat and Avoid during your Periods

Many women have uncomfortable symptoms during their periods some food items can reduce the symptoms some may worsen the symptoms. 

Symptoms may include:

  • Headache
  • Mood swings 
  • Cramps 
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea 
  • Bloating 
  • fatigue

Foods to intake during Periods:

Fruits: Fruits which are rich in water, such as watermelon and cucumber, are good for staying hydrated. Instead of intaking a lot of refined sugars, which may cause glucose levels to spike, sweet fruits will help you curb sugar cravings.

Green leafy vegetables: It is quite common to struggle with a dip in iron levels during menstruation, particularly if the menstrual flow is heavy. Which leads to fatigue, body pain, and dizziness. Green leafy vegetables like kale and spinach (rich in magnesium) can boost iron levels.

Ginger: As ginger has anti-inflammatory properties, it helps to soothe achy muscles. A cup of ginger tea will improve certain symptoms of periods. It also reduces nausea and vomiting during pregnancy in the first trimester. Avoid intaking ginger more than 4grams in a day as excessive intake of ginger may result in heartburn and stomach aches.

Dark chocolate: A tasty and favorite eatable is dark chocolate, it is rich in magnesium and iron. It is recommended to daily intake dark chocolate for iron and magnesium.

Nuts: As many nuts are enriched with omega 3 fatty acids, they are a good source of protein. They contain magnesium and multiple vitamins. Some may not like intaking nuts directly, they can try butternuts, nut-based products.

Chicken: Chicken is rich in iron and protein which should be added to the diet. Intaking proteins are very very for overall health, as they help to stay seated during menstruation, curbing cravings.

Turmeric: It is well known as an anti-inflammatory spice. Curcumin is the vital active ingredient in it.

Foods to Avoid during Periods:

Carbonated Drinks: Sugary and carbonated drinks like soda will dispense to bloating. Instead of drinks better stick to water. Increase the intake of water will ease water retention and bloating.

Salt: Consuming excessive salts may result in water retention, which may cause bloating. It would be better to avoid eatables that contain a lot of sodium. 

Fat contents: Fat content foods have a very strong effect on hormonal activity in the body. Trans fats, saturated fats may result in period pain and inflammation. Skip heavy meat and dairy products to down the fat intake, which may regulate estrogen levels.

Alcohol: Alcohol consumption has various negative effects which can madden the symptoms of periods. It dehydrates the body which may worsen headaches and lead to bloating. This may also lead to digestive issues. Like diarrhea and nausea.


 If you find any issues or irregularity with your periods and seek to consult with a professional gynaecologist, you can consult with Dr. Sarah Hussain, the leading female gynaecologist in London. Request a call for treatment.

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5 Things you need to know about PCOS and Menopause

5 Things you need to know about PCOS and Menopause

PCOS or Polycystic ovary syndrome affects hormone levels, inducing difficulties with fertility and raising some health risks. It is a condition that leads to the growth of cysts on women’s ovaries. It arises when the sex hormones progesterone and estrogen are in inadequate balance.it is quite a common endocrine disorder in women.  Menopause is a condition when a woman’s periods stop conclusively when there is a subsequent reduction in sex hormone level.

Women with PCOS yields surpassing the level of testosterone than normal. And also have a very low level of progesterone. The minimization in sexual hormones that leads to Menopausewill not redress the disproportion of hormones that causes PCOS.

Menopause will not aid PCOS:

As Menopause carries various changes in hormones, it certainly does not cure PCOS. Hormone Therapy is the elite choice to manage symptoms for both PCOS and Menopause. hormone therapy helps to bring back the balance in the hormones which eases symptoms.

PCOS may delay Menopause: 

Women may go through menopause for an average of two years if they have PCOS.

Women with PCOS should notice their blood sugar levels:

PCOS can be very less responsive to insulin, which may raise diabetes levels. This can also increase male hormones in high levels making symptoms worse. 

Weight Gain: One of the symptoms of menopause is weight gain. This may also increase insulin resistance.

PCOS may develop at any stage after Puberty: 

Mostly many women get to know they have PCOS in their 20s or 30s. It can develop at phase during a woman’s reproductive years.it’s abnormal to develop PCOS during Perimenopause. 

Similar symptoms:

  • Irregular periods.
  • Sometimes they may miss periods. 
  • Infertility.
  • Mood swings. 
  • Difficulty to sleep.
  • Thinning hair on the head.
  • Weight gain. 
  • Unwanted and abnormal hair growth on the face. 

PCOS symptoms:

  • Acne.
  • Skin problems. 
  • Headache. 
  • Pain in pelvis.

Menopause Symptoms:

  • Changes in sexual drive.
  • Hot flashes.
  • Sweat during the night.
  • Uncomfortable sex. 
  • Painful sex.
  • Abnormal urine leakage. 
  • Vaginal infection. 
  • Urinary tract.
  • Dryness and thinning of tissue in the vagina

 If you find any of the symptoms mentioned above and seek to consult with a professional gynaecologist, you can consult with Dr. Sarah Hussain, the leading female gynaecologist in London. Request a call for treatment.

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