Most of the women ignore abnormal bleeding or pelvic pain as they think it is normal, but in reality, these symptoms can be a sign of abnormal cell growth in the uterus which is known as a womb.
The uterus contains various types of cells to help women carry a baby. When the cells grow abnormally, three common or sometimes painful conditions can arise
- Uterine polyps
Each of these conditions causes symptoms that can negatively influence women’s life such as pain, abnormal bleeding, and fertility issue. Mrs. Sarah Hussain, the leading female gynaecologist in London offers world-class treatment for all these problems either through medication or surgery depending on the woman’s specific needs.
Treatments for uterine conditions
- Fibroids: Fibroids are mild tumors made of smooth muscles of the wall of the uterus that can be in size from grain to watermelon. Women with reproductive and premenopausal age are most likely to experience symptoms which may occur in about 30 % of cases which includes:
- Abnormal menstrual bleeding
- Urinary frequency
- Increase in abdominal size
- Pelvic pressure
- Pelvic pain
- Painful intercourse
If left untreated more serious problems can arise. Large fibroids can press on the other organs in the abdomen and pelvis that include bowels, bladder, and blood vessels. Fibroids can also distort the uterine cavity that will result in difficulty getting pregnant. If women dont have bothersome pelvic pressure or pain, then female consultant gynaecologist will start with medication for progesterone hormones pills in order to manage abnormal bleeding. If it was not treated with medication, consultant gynaecologist will go for surgical treatment that includes:
Uterine fibroid embolization
Laparoscopic ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation
- Endometrial polyps: It is the abnormal cells overgrowths in the uterus line and extends into the uterine cavity. Most of them are harmless but it may sometime cause cancer. It was very rare in women younger than 20 which typically affects premenopausal and postmenopausal women. Women with obese and also who take tamoxifen, prescribed after breast cancer is at increased risk of developing polyps. Abnormal bleeding is the most common symptom that means:
Bleeding after menopause
Bleeding between periods
Bleeding after sex
Female gynaeologist use transvaginal ultrasound to identify polyps which entail placing a small device in the vagina that emits sound waves that create an image of the uterus shows the growth. Hysteroscopy is the alternative treatment that involves placing a small, thin camera into the uterus to see the polyps. The treatment involves removing symptomatic polyps and diagnose the concerning cell. Consultant gynaeclogist will use a small, thin instrument and a hysteroscope to identify and remove polyps with a bit of pain.
- Adenomyosis: Adenomyosis is the expansion of the uterus due to tissue that normally lines the uterus grows into the muscular wall of the organ. Adenomyosis cause is unknown as the diagnosis can be made only by microscopic examination of the uterus following a hysterectomy. Symptoms of adenomyosis include:
Pain during sex
Pelvic pressure or bulkiness
Treatment options offered by female London gynaecologist include hormone medications such as birth control pills, progesterone, or intrauterine devices. Endometrial ablation is an effective surgical option or hysterectomy might be suggested if the medication doesn’t work.